Economics of LGBTQ+ Individuals Virtual Seminar Series

Tuesdays at Noon ET (16:00 UTC)

 

The one-hour seminar includes a 35-minute presentation by the author and 25 minutes for questions and discussion. Please contact Michael Martell at mmartell@bard.edu with any questions or feedback.

Please sign up to receive the link to the Zoom meeting each week.

Click here for a list of previous seminars.


Upcoming Seminars

Spring 2022 Seminar Schedule

ALL SEMINARS ON TUESDAYS AT 12:00 (NOON) ET

April 12, 2022
“Effects of Legal Same-Sex Marriage on Employer Offers of Domestic Partner Health Benefits”
Ben Harrell (benjamin.harrell@vanderbilt.edu) with Christopher S. Carpenter and Thomas Hegland

Abstract: Research has demonstrated that legal access to same-sex marriage in the United States – which was granted by a 2015 Supreme Court decision in Obergefell v. Hodges – increased health insurance coverage and access to care among same-sex couples, possibly through a partner’s employer. Many observers noted, however, that firms might stop offering insurance benefits for unmarried partners of employees in the presence of full nationwide marriage equality. No prior research has studied these questions due to lack of employer data. We fill this gap and provide the first evidence on same-sex marriage and employer choices about health insurance benefits by using rich confidential establishment level microdata from the 2013-19 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey – Insurance Component (MEPS-IC). We find clear evidence that although firms were much more likely to offer insurance coverage to unmarried same-sex partners compared to unmarried different-sex partners of employees prior to 2015, firms responded to nationwide marriage equality by significantly reducing insurance offers for unmarried same-sex partners. These reductions in same-sex partner benefits: are exactly coincident with the Obergefell decision, are sustained through 2019, are not observed for unmarried different-sex partner benefits nor for other unrelated benefits such as dental or vision coverage and are unique to the private sector. Notably, these effects are invariant to whether the establishment is located in a state that had already legalized same-sex marriage prior to Obergefell (and thus for whom the decision was less of a treatment), suggesting that firm decisions regarding same-sex partner benefits respond to changes in broader national norms as opposed to the specific local or state policy environment in which the firm operates, consistent with our core findings being driven by large multi-establishment firms with workers in many states. 

April 19, 2022
“Public Health Insurance Expansions and The Spread of Infectious Disease”
Shyam Raman (sr2297@cornell.edu) with Katherine Wen, Ben Harrell, Sam Mann, and Alex Hollingsworth

Abstract: We investigate the effects of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) facilitated Medicaid expansions on the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV. In administrative data from 2011 to 2019, we identify medications prescribed for PrEP and exploit state-level variations in Medicaid expansion to evaluate their effect on PrEP utilization. Using an event study specification in a two-way fixed effects (TWFE) setting, we estimate the impact of these expansions on PrEP prescriptions, HIV diagnoses, and common sexually transmitted infections. Following recent work, we employ methods which attempt to address the potential for bias arising due to the staggered timing of Medicaid expansions. We find a 70% increase in the utilization of PrEP within the Medicaid population for states which expanded Medicaid compared to those which did not. Additionally, we find a 5% reduction in HIV diagnoses among men and a 9% reduction in HIV diagnoses in ages 25-34. Our results offer evidence that suggests increased access to healthcare increases utilization of drugs which greatly reduce the risk of HIV and has the potential to reduce the spread of HIV.

April 26, 2022
“Intergenerational Mobility of LGBTQ+ Individuals”
Santiago Deambrosi (santiagodeambrosi@gmail.com)

Abstract: I study the intergenerational mobility of LGBTQ+ individuals in their 20's by comparing how the income and education of parents and their offspring are related---and then drawing distinctions between correlations of queer and non-queer pairs. Recently-released PSID data allows me to identify LGBTQ+ individuals without having to draw assumptions based on marriage (n=300+). I provide further insights on the `queer' experience through Sibling Correlation and Equality of Opportunity approaches, using a rich set of cognitive and behavioral data that also includes information on parent-child relationships, differential treatment and investment, parental gender norms, self-perceived discrimination, and more. Finally, I try to compare the intergenerational mobility rates of two adjacent queer generations to sense whether the rapid advancements in LGBTQ+ civil rights, healthcare, and acceptance are reflected on economic opportunity at young stages of life.

 


Upcoming Seminars

Summer 2022 Seminar Schedule

ALL SEMINARS ON TUESDAYS AT 12:00 (NOON) ET

June 14, 2022
Matching on Gender and Sexual Orientation
Edoardo Ciscato and Marion Goussé (marion.gousse@gmail.com)

Abstract: In this paper, we consider a matching model of marriage with endogenous selection of partner gender. We use U.S. and German data on couples and singles that includes a measure of sexual orientation. We first document substantial heterogeneity in sexual orientation across gender and couple types. First, we find that more women report being attracted to both genders than men, whereas more men report being attracted only to one gender. Second, we document that the vast majority of bisexuals are in a relationship with a person of the opposite gender, while a non-negligible share of gay men and lesbian women are in fact in a relationship with someone of a different gender. We therefore observe a discrepancy between the gender of the partner that is preferred and the gender that is actually chosen. We then estimate a multidimensional matching model of the marriage market that includes gender, sexual orientation, age, education, and race and show and quantify the potential trade-offs between gender and certain partner characteristics when choosing a spouse. In a series of comparative statics exercises, we quantify the change in the share of same-sex couples in response to demographic changes, such as an imbalance in the gender ratio.

July 12, 2022
Commuting to work and gender-conforming social norms: evidence from same-sex couples
Sonia Oreffice (s.oreffice@exeter.ac.uk ) and Dario Sansone

Abstract: We analyze work commute time by sexual orientation of partnered or married individuals, using the American Community Survey 2008-2019. Women in same-sex couples have a longer commute to work than working women in different-sex couples, whereas the commute to work of men in same-sex couples is shorter than the one of working men in different-sex couples, also after controlling for demographic characteristics, partner’s characteristics, location, fertility, and marital status. These differences are particularly stark among married couples with children: on average, about 3 minutes more one-way to work for married mothers in same-sex couples, and almost 2 minutes less for married fathers in same-sex couples, than their corresponding working parents in different-sex couples. These gaps among men and women amount to 50%, and 100%, respectively, of the gender commuting gap estimated in the literature. Within-couple gaps in commuting time are also significantly smaller in same-sex couples. We interpret these differences as evidence that it is gender-conforming social norms boosted by parenthood that lead women in different-sex couples to specialize into jobs with a shorter commute while their male partners/spouses hold jobs with a longer commute.

August 16, 2022
Do LGBTQ-related Events Drive Individual Online Disclosure Decisions?
Jason Jones (jason.j.jones@stonybrook.edu)

Abstract: When and how to come out are difficult choices. In this research project, we examine one form of disclosure: the addition of an LGBTQ keyword to one's online social media profile. We construct daily time series of the prevalence of American Twitter users whose self-descriptions contain LGBTQ keywords. Further, we construct daily time series of inferred add and delete events - i.e. we make best estimates for how many users per day make an edit to include a previously absent word or remove a word previously present. These we compare to relevant annual and one-time events such as LGBTQ Pride Month and the date of the Pulse Nightclub shooting. We confirm one pre-registered hypothesis and explore several others.


Previous Seminars

2020

April 15, 2020
Ian Burn, University of Liverpool (with Mike Martell)
"Gender Typicality and Sexual Orientation Earnings Differentials"

April 22, 2020
Shuai Chen, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research (with Jan van Ours)
"Mental Health Effects of Same-Sex Marriage Legalization"

April 29, 2020
David Schwegman, American University (with Mattie Mackenzie-Liu and Leonard Lopoo)
"Do Foster Care Agencies Discriminate Against Gay Couples? Evidence from a Correspondence Study" 

May 6, 2020
Kitt Carpenter, Vanderbilt University (with Gilbert Gonzales Jr. Tara McKay and Dario Sansone)
"Effects of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Mandate on Health Insurance Coverage for Individuals in Same-Sex Couples" 

May 13, 2020
Charlie Whittington (she/her), Human Rights Campaign Foundation (with Dan Stewart (he/him))
"The Moderating Role of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Relationship Between Income and Complications During COVID-19 Infection" 

May 20, 2020
Ian Chadd, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (with Billur Aksoy)
"Queer Preferences for Competition" 

May 27, 2020
Travis Campbell, University of Massachusetts - Amherst (with Lee Badgett and Everest Brennan)
"Beyond the Gender Binary: Transgender Labor Force Status in the United States 2014-2017" 

June 3, 2020
Emily Nix, University of Southern California (with Martin Eckhoff Andresen)
"What Causes the Child Penalty and How Can it be Reduced? Evidence from Same-Sex Couples and Policy Reforms" 

June 10, 2020
Matthew Shannon, University College, Dublin
"The Labour Market Outcomes of Transgender Individuals"

June 17, 2020
Connor Redpath, University of California, San Diego
"Access to Marriage Affects Couples’ Assortativeness: Evidence from Same-Sex Marriage Legalization"

June 24, 2020
Michael Martell, Bard College
"Tolerance and the Labor Supply of Gays and Lesbians"

July 1, 2020
Joanne Hadaad, University of Ottawa (with Abel Brodeur)
"Institutions, Attitudes and LGBT: Evidence from the Gold Rush" 

July 15, 2020
Ralph Dehaas, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, CEPR, and Tilburg University (with Victoria Baranov and Pauline Grosjean)
"Men. Roots and Consequences of Masculinity Norms" 

August 26, 2020
Raquel Fernandez, New York University (with Sahar Parsa and Martina Viarengo)
"Coming Out in America"

September 16, 2020
Roberto Ivo da Rocha Lima Filho, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro
"Decision Neuroscience Applied to a Trading Environment: An EEG Approach"

September 23, 2020
Nir Eilam, University of Texas, Austin (with Scott Delhommer)
"PrEP and Moral Hazard"

October 7, 2020
Luca Fumarco and Eva Dils, Tulane University (with Patrick Button, Benjamin Harrell, and David J. Schwegman)
"Gender Identity, Race, and Ethnicity Discrimination in Access to Mental Health Care: Evidence from an Audit Field Experiment" 

October 14, 2020
William Delgado, University of Chicago
"Teachers’ Comparative Advantage, School Segregation, and Educational Mobility in Chicago Public Schools"

October 21, 2020
Hyunmin Park, University of Chicago
"Specific Human Capital and Employment Dynamics"

October 28, 2020
Hani Mansour, University of Colorado, Denver
"Voting and Political Participation in the Aftermath of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic"

November 18, 2020
Ylva Moberg, Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI) (with Marie Evertsson and Maaike van der Vleuten)
"The child penalty in same-sex and different-sex couples in Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland" 

December 2, 2020
Raquel Fernandez, New York University (with Sahar Parsa and Martina Viarengo)
"Coming Out in America" 

December 9, 2020
Lucas Tilley will present "The Labor Market and Health Effects of Gender Dysphoria: Evidence from Sweden" (with Ian Burn, Ylva Moberg and Emma von Essen)

December 16, 2020
Sheheryar Banuri (University of East Anglia) "On the process of discrimination in healthcare: A field experiment with Pakistan’s Transgender community" (with Husnain F. Ahmad and Farasat Bokhari)

2021

February 2, 2021
Samuel Mann, Swanswea University
"Sexual Orientation, Political Trust, and Same-Sex Relationship Recognition Policies: Evidence from Europe"
samuel.mann@swansea.ac.uk

February 16, 2021
Marcus Dillender, University of Illinois at Chicago
"Does Place-Based Federal Health Funding Work? Evidence and Lessons from the Fight against HIV/AIDS"
modillen@uic.edu

March 2, 2021
Bridget Hiedemann and Lisa Brodoff, Seattle University
"Marriage Equality and Activity Limitations among Older Adults in Same-Sex Relationships"
bgh@seattleu.edu

March 16, 2021
Travis Campbell, University of Massachusetts at Amherst
"Health insurance coverage and health outcomes among transgender adults in the U.S."
tbcampbell@umass.edu

March 30, 2021
Silvia Palmaccio, KU Leuven
"Early Labor Market Outcomes of Children in Same-Sex Families: Evidence from Population Data"
silvia.palmaccio@kuleuven.be

April 13, 2021
Joshua Martin, West Virginia University
"The Effect of Same-Sex Partnership Laws on Adoptions and Family Formation in the US"
jcm0067@mix.wvu.edu

April 20, 2021
Max Lee, San Francisco State University
"Schooling and Coming Out: Education as a Coping Mechanism"
mclee@sfsu.edu

May 4, 2021
Billur Aksoy, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
"Hidden Identity and Social Preferences: Evidence From Sexual Minorities"
billuraksoy@gmail.com

May 18, 2021
Raquel Fernandez, New York University (with Sahar Parsa and Martina Viarengo)
"Coming Out in America"
raquel.fernandez@nyu.edu

July 20, 2021
Mike Martell, Bard College
“Labor market differentials estimated with researcher-inferred and self-identified sexual orientation”

August 31, 2021
Billur Aksoy, Christopher “Kitt” Carpenter, and Dario Sansone
"Survey Experiments on LGBTQ Individuals: A Preliminary Design"

September 14th at 12:00 ET:
Moving for Love? Migration in Same-Sex and Opposite-Sex Relationships
Etienne Makdissi (etienne.masson.makdissi@mail.utoronto.ca)

September 21 at 12:00 ET:
Heated Tobacco Products (HTP) Taxation and Tobacco Use in Japan and Korea
Shaoying Ma (shaoyingma13@gmail.com), Ce Shang, Kai-Wen Cheng, Hye Myung Lee, Hong Gwan Seo, Sungkyu Lee, Sujin Lim, Sung-il Cho, Shannon Gravely, Steve Xu, Anne C. K. Quah and Geoffrey T. Fong

September 28th at 12:00 ET:
How Does the Earned Income Tax Credit Affect Household Expenditures for Single Female Heads of Households?
Arian Seifoddini (seifoddini@ucdavis.edu)

October 5th at 12:00 ET:
Duration Dependence: Learning from Advance Notice
Div Bhagia (bhagia@bc.edu)

October 12th at 12:00 ET:
Gender Differences in the Cost of Corrections in Group Work
Yuki Takahashi (yuki.takahashi2@unibo.it)

October 19th at 12:00 ET:
Estimating the nature of corruption: evidence from a policy experiment in Brazil
Murilo Ramos (murilo@berkeley.edu)

October 26th at 12:00 ET:
From Taxation to Fighting for the Nation: Historical Fiscal Capacity and Military Draft Evasion during WWI
Luca Bagnato (lucabgn@gmail.com)

November 2nd at 12:00 ET: 
Same-Sex Couples and Parental Earnings Dynamics
Rachel Nesbit (rachel.nesbit@census.gov) (with Barbara Downs, Lucia Foster, and Danielle Sandler)

November 9th at 12:00 ET:
The effects of anti-LGBTQ+ curriculums: Evidence from Utah's 'no promo homo' repeal
Santiago Deambrosi (santiagodeambrosi@gmail.com)

November 16th at 12:00 ET:
Do gender-nonconforming peers influence their classmates' life outcomes?
Abigail R. Banan (abanan@purdue.edu)

November 23rd at 12:00 ET:
N/A

December 7th at 12:00 ET:
Employer Sponsored Health Insurance and Labor Market Outcomes for Gay Men: Evidence from the Advent of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis
Conor Lennon (conor.lennon@louisville.edu)

December 14th at 12:00 ET:
The introduction of Prep and HIV: Incidence, Mortality and Heterogeneity
Sebastian Tello-Trillo (dst2c@virginia.edu)

2022

February 1, 2022
“Economic Outcomes for Transgender People in the United States: First Estimates from a Nationally Representative Sample”
Christopher S. Carpenter (christopher.s.carpenter@vanderbilt.edu) with Maxine J. Lee and Laura Nettuno

February 15, 2022
“Elite Endorsement of Emergent Issues in Weak States: Survey Experimental Evidence on Same-sex Marriage in Nepal”
Siddhartha Baral (sbaral@ucsd.edu) with Sarah Rich-Zendel 

February 22, 2022
“Identifying Effective Strategies to Improve Livelihoods of LGBTI People” and a panel on Research Opportunities related to Development.
Lee Badgett (lbadgett@econs.umass.edu) with James Heintz 

March 1, 2022
“The LGBTQ+ Gap: Recent Estimates for Young Adults in the United States”
Marc Folch (mfolch@uchicago.edu)

March 8, 2022
“The Impact of Sodomy Law Repeals on Crime”
Riccardo Ciacci (riccardo.ciacci@gmail.com) and Dario Sansone

March 15, 2022
“Gender and LGB Pay Gaps in the National Health Service: The Puzzle of Observability and Disclosure”
Karen Mumford (karen.mumford@york.ac.uk)

March 29, 2022
“Do Same-Sex Couples Induce Gentrification?”
Daniel J. Henderson (djhender@cba.ua.edu) with Mia Goodnature and Amanda Ross

April 5, 2022
“Gender Affirming Care and Transgender Health: Evidence fromMedicaid Coverage”
Samuel Mann (samuel.j.mann@vanderbilt.edu) with Travis Campbell and Duc Hien Nguyen