Health Care Organization and Outcomes: International Evidence
Sunday, Jan. 7, 2018 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM
- Chair: David Bishai, Johns Hopkins University
Is Preventive Care Worth the Cost? Evidence From Mandatory Checkups in Japan
AbstractUsing unique individual-level panel data, we investigate whether preventive care triggered by health checkups is worth the cost. We exploit the fact that the health of individuals just below and above a clinical threshold is similar, whereas treatments differ according to the checkup signals they receive. We find that people respond to health signals by increasing medical care utilization. However, we find no evidence that additional care is cost effective; neither physical measures nor predicted risks of diabetes complications improve in the 3-5 years after the index checkup. For efficient use of medical resources, careful examination of cost effectiveness is essential.
Does a Government Public Transfer Program Crowd Out Intergenerational Transfers? Evidence From South Korea
AbstractGovernment public transfers through welfare programs are widely used to tackle elderly poverty. These programs often influence the level of pre-existing support from family members, and might displace such private support. In this paper, we analyze the effects of a new old-age pension program on intergenerational financial transfers in South Korea. Applying various empirical approaches, we find robust evidence that money transfers from adult children to parents was completely crowded out after the introduction of the public transfer program. We find little evidence for alternative hypotheses for crowding-out effects, such as the effects of endogenous change in living arrangement as a substitute for financial support, the endogenous labor supply of the elderly, and the global financial crisis. The results imply that the effectiveness of government antipoverty programs through public transfers could be dampened by a reduction in intergenerational transfers.
Earnings Gaps for Conspicuous Characteristics: Evidence From Indonesia
AbstractRecent research has begun to analyze the effects of height on earnings in Indonesia, a developing country with a large population. Little has been done on the potential effects of other measures of health, such as weight, waist circumference, and hip circumference on earnings. Carefully accounting for selection into the workforce and the potential endogeneity of our health variables, we use the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS) to identify this effect and conduct Oaxaca-Blinder decompositions to identify possible discrimination. We compare these results to those using less conspicuous health measures such as blood pressure, lung capacity, diabetes, and cholesterol.
- I0 - General