We invoke the insights from the auction literature to study trade in services using data from an online market for programming support. We find that the observed clustering of trade between countries can be rationalized through a model featuring endogenous sorting of sellers who are heterogeneous in both quality and costs across projects offered by buyers who differ in outside option and willingness to pay for quality. To accommodate the possibility of such an outcome we extend a single-auction entry model to a setting where sellers choose among multiple projects. This feature plays an important role in explaining the data and understanding the effects of various trade policies.
Krasnokutskaya, Elena, Christian Terwiesch, and Lucia Tiererova.
"Trading across Borders in Online Auctions."
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics,
Empirical Studies of Trade
Information and Product Quality; Standardization and Compatibility
Information and Internet Services; Computer Software