Foreign Influence and Domestic Policy
Toke S. Aidt
Journal of Economic Literature
no. 2, June 2021
In an interconnected world, economic and political interests inevitably reach beyond national borders. Since policy choices generate external economic and political costs, foreign state and non-state actors have an interest in influencing policy actions in other sovereign countries to their advantage. Foreign influence is a strategic choice aimed at internalizing these externalities and takes three principal forms: (i) voluntary agreements, (ii) policy interventions based on rewarding or sanctioning the target country to obtain a specific change in policy, and (iii) institution interventions aimed at influencing the political institutions in the target country. We propose a unifying theoretical framework to study when foreign influence is chosen and in which form, and use it to organize and evaluate the new political economics literature on foreign influence along with work in cognate disciplines.
Aidt, Toke S., Facundo Albornoz, and Esther Hauk.
"Foreign Influence and Domestic Policy."
Journal of Economic Literature,
Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations
Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Political Economy; Property Rights
Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions: International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid