Journal of Economic Perspectives: Vol. 14 No. 4 (Fall 2000)


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Gender Differences in Pay

Article Citation

Blau, Francine D., and Lawrence M. Kahn. 2000. "Gender Differences in Pay." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(4): 75-99.

DOI: 10.1257/jep.14.4.75


We consider the gender pay gap in the United States. Both gender-specific factors, including gender differences in qualifications and discrimination, and overall wage structure, the rewards for skills and employment in particular sectors, importantly influence the gender pay gap. Declining gender differentials in the U.S., and the more rapid closing of the gender pay gap in the U.S. than elsewhere, appear to be primarily due to gender-specific factors. However, the relatively large gender pay gap in the U.S. compared to a number of other advanced countries seems primarily attributable to the very high level of U.S. wage inequality.

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Blau, Francine D. (Cornell U and NBER)
Kahn, Lawrence M. (Cornell U)

JEL Classifications

J16: Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
J31: Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials


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