Journal of Economic Perspectives: Vol. 9 No. 2 (Spring 1995)


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Tackling the European Migration Problems

Article Citation

Zimmermann, Klaus F. 1995. "Tackling the European Migration Problems." Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9(2): 45-62.

DOI: 10.1257/jep.9.2.45


A fortress Europe immigration policy is currently observed throughout the European Union. The European migration problem seems to be that, in the face of high and persistent unemployment rates, additional immigration implies further unemployment. This might not be true if immigration helps to erode institutional constraints and enhances labor market flexibility, a point that is seen of particular virtue in the European setting. The paper also argues that past European migration, although limited, has been positive for the labor markets, and there are only few alternative policy options in the future.

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Zimmermann, Klaus F. (U Munich and CEPR)

JEL Classifications

J61: Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
J68: Mobility, Unemployment, and Vacancies: Public Policy


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