References for Best Practices for Economists
Advocates for Diversity in Economics. 2018. “An Open Letter Regarding Harassment and Discrimination in the Economics Profession.” Medium, December 27, 2018. https://medium.com/@diversityinecon/a-letter-in-response-to-roland-fryers-resignation-from-the-aea-executive-committee-6761217abfa.
AEA. 2015. “A Career in Economics . . . It’s Much More Than You Think.” http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Careers_in_economics.
AEA. 2018. “AEA Code of Professional Conduct.” Adopted April 20, 2018. https://www.aeaweb.org/about-aea/code-of-conduct.
AEA. 2019. “AEA Policy on Harassment and Discrimination.” https://www.aeaweb.org/about-aea/aea-policy-harassment-discrimination.
Akerlof, George A. 2020. “Sins of Omission and the Practice of Economics.” Journal of Economic Literature 58 (2): 405-18. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jel.20191573.
Al-Bahrani, Abdullah. 2019. “The Growth Mindset.” https://www.abdullahalbahrani.com/blog/2019/11/3/growth-mindset.
Allgood, Sam, Lee Badgett, Amanda Bayer, Marianne Bertrand, Sandra E. Black, Nick Bloom, and Lisa D. Cook. 2019. AEA Professional Climate Survey: Final Report. Nashville, TN: AEA. https://www.aeaweb.org/resources/member-docs/final-climate-survey-results-sept-2019.
Allgood, Sam, and Amanda Bayer. 2016. “Measuring College Learning in Economics.” In Improving Quality in American Higher Education: Learning Outcomes and Assessments for the 21st Century, edited by Richard Arum, Josipa Roksa, and Amanda Cook, 87–134. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. http://highered.ssrc.org/wp-content/uploads/MCL-in-Economics.pdf.
Allgood, Sam, and Amanda Bayer. 2017. “Learning Outcomes for Economists.” American Economic Review 107 (5): 660–64. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.p20171070.
American Council on Education, American Association of University Professors, and United Educators. 2000. “Good Practice in Tenure Evaluation: Advice for Tenured Faculty, Department Chairs, and Academic Administrators.” http://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED457764.
American Finance Association. 2018. “American Finance Association Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics.” https://afajof.org/wp-content/uploads/files/afa_code_of_professional_con.pdf.
American Psychological Association. 2006. “Stereotype Threat Widens Achievement Gap.” https://www.apa.org/research/action/stereotype.
American Sociological Association. 2019. “Reconsidering Student Evaluations of Teaching: Statement from the American Sociological Association.” https://www.asanet.org/press-center/press-releases/reconsidering-student-evaluations-teaching.
American Statistical Association. 2019. “ASA Activities Conduct Policies.” https://www.amstat.org/ASA/Meetings/Meeting-Conduct-Policy.aspx.
Anderson, Kristin J., and Campbell Leaper. 1998. “Meta-analyses of Gender Effects on Conversational Interruption: Who, What, When, Where, and How.” Sex Roles 39 (3–4): 225–52. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1018802521676.
Antecol, Heather, Kelly Bedard, and Jenna Stearns. 2018. “Equal but Inequitable: Who Benefits from Gender-Neutral Tenure Clock Stopping Policies?” American Economic Review 108 (9): 2420–41. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.20160613.
Aronson, Joshua, Carrie B. Fried, and Catherine Good. 2002. “Reducing the Effects of Stereotype Threat on African American College Students by Shaping Theories of Intelligence.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 38 (2): 113–25. http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jesp.2001.1491.
Athey, Susan, Christopher Avery, and Peter Zemsky. 2000. "Mentoring and Diversity." American Economic Review 90 (4): 765-786. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.90.4.765.
Athey, Susan, Lawrence F. Katz, Alan B. Krueger, Steven Levitt, and James Poterba. 2007. “What Does Performance in Graduate School Predict? Graduate Economics Education and Student Outcomes.” American Economic Review 97 (2): 512–20. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.97.2.512.
Avilova, Tatyana, and Claudia Goldin. 2018. “What Can UWE Do for Economics?” AEA Papers and Proceedings 108: 186–90. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/pandp.20181103.
Babcock, Linda, Maria P. Recalde, Lise Vesterlund, and Laurie Weingart. 2017. “Gender Differences in Accepting and Receiving Requests for Tasks with Low Promotability.” American Economic Review 107 (3): 714–47. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.20141734.
Barreira, Paul, Matthew Basilico, and Valentin Bolotnyy. 2018. “Graduate Student Mental Health: Lessons from American Economics Departments.” https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/bolotnyy/files/bbb_mentalhealth_paper.pdf.
Bavishi, Anish, Juan M. Madera, and Michelle R. Hebl. 2010. “The Effect of Professor Ethnicity and Gender on Student Evaluations: Judged before Met.” Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 3 (4): 245–56. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0020763.
Bayer, Amanda, ed. 2011. Diversifying Economic Quality: A Wiki for Instructors and Departments. Nashville, TN: AEA CSMGEP. http://diversifyingecon.org/.
Bayer, Amanda. 2020. “(Professional) Climate Change.” Minority Report, AEA, Issue 12, 16-19. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=11280.
Bayer, Amanda, Syon P. Bhanot, Erin Bronchetti, and Stephen O’Connell. 2020. “Diagnosing the Learning Environment for Diverse Students in Introductory Economics: An Analysis of Relevance, Belonging, and Growth Mindsets.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 110:294-298. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/pandp.20201051.
Bayer, Amanda, Syon P. Bhanot, and Fernando Lozano. 2019. “Does Simple Information Provision Lead to More Diverse Classrooms? Evidence from a Field Experiment on Undergraduate Economics.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 109: 110–14. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/pandp.20191097.
Bayer, Amanda, and Cecilia Elena Rouse. 2016. “Diversity in the Economics Profession: A New Attack on an Old Problem.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 30 (4): 221–42. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.30.4.221.
Bayer, Amanda, and David W. Wilcox. 2019. “The Unequal Distribution of Economic Education: A Report on the Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Economics Majors at U.S. Colleges and Universities.” Journal of Economic Education 50 (3): 1–22. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00220485.2019.1618766.
Bertrand, Marianne, Dolly Chugh, and Sendhil Mullainathan. 2005. “Implicit Discrimination.” American Economic Review 95 (2): 94–98. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/000282805774670365.
Bingham, Shereen G. 2018.“Addressing Sexual Harassment in Academic Institutions.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 1, 10–12. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=6769.
Blakeney, Aly, Stephanie Kestelman, and Chenyuan Liu. 2019. “Best Practices and Policies.” In Graduate Student Summit for Diversity in Economics: Summaries and Take-Aways from Workshops, edited by Emily Eisner and Megan Lang, 7–14. Berkeley, CA: Women in Economics at Berkeley. http://calwomenofecon.weebly.com/uploads/9/6/1/0/96100906/workshop_briefs_from_the_summit_on_diversity_in_economics.pdf.
Blau, Francine D., Janet M. Currie, Rachel T. A. Croson, and Donna K. Ginther. 2010. “Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors? Interim Results from a Randomized Trial.” American Economic Review 100 (2): 348–52. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.100.2.348.
Bogan, Vicki L. 2019. “Academic Mentoring Relationships: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.” Minority Report, AEA, Issue 11, 18–20. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=9031.
Boring, Anne, Kellie Ottoboni, and Philip B. Stark. 2016. “Student Evaluations of Teaching (Mostly) Do Not Measure Teaching Effectiveness” ScienceOpen Research. https://doi.org/10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-EDU.AETBZC.v1.
Boustan, Leah. 2019. “Department Guidelines for Hiring PreDocs.” Princeton University. https://scholar.princeton.edu/lboustan/ra-hiring-guidelines.
Boustan, Leah, and Andrew Langan. 2019. “Variation in Women’s Success across PhD Programs in Economics.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 33 (1): 23–42. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.33.1.23.
Buckles, Kasey. 2019. “Fixing the Leaky Pipeline: Strategies for Making Economics Work for Women at Every Stage.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 33 (1): 43–60. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/jep.33.1.43.
Burton, Anne M., and Barton Willage. 2019. “Economics Conferences.” https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1MNeXLKiwQA4MK3cZ3Hr1WWXZTReh3rKQU_yfTKnu-hg.
Byrne, Anne. 2019. “Small Grants for Graduate Students.” https://www.econanne.com/additional-resources.
Canning, Elizabeth A., Katherine Muenks, Dorainne J. Green, and Mary C. Murphy. 2019. “STEM Faculty Who Believe Ability Is Fixed Have Larger Racial Achievement Gaps and Inspire Less Student Motivation in Their Classes.” Science Advances 5 (2): eaau4734. https://advances.sciencemag.org/content/5/2/eaau4734.
Card, David, Stefano DellaVigna, Patricia Funk, and Nagore Iriberri. 2019. “Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral?” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, qjz035. https://doi.org/10.1093/qje/qjz035.
Carrell, Scott E., Marianne E. Page, and James E. West. 2010. “Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 125 (3): 1101–44. https://doi.org/10.1162/qjec.2010.125.3.1101.
Carrell, Scott E., and James E. West. 2010. “Does Professor Quality Matter? Evidence from Random Assignment of Students to Professors.” Journal of Political Economy 118 (3): 409–32. https://doi.org/10.1086/653808.
Ceci, Stephen J., Donna K. Ginther, Shulamit Kahn, and Wendy M. Williams. 2014. “Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape.” Psychological Science in the Public Interest 15(3): 75–141. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1529100614541236
Chari, Anusha, and Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham. 2018. “Gender Representation in Economics across Topics and Time: Evidence from the NBER Summer Institute.” http://paulgp.github.io/papers/cgp_nbergender.pdf.
Collins, Francis S. 2019. “Time to End the Manel Tradition.” National Institutes of Health. https://www.nih.gov/about-nih/who-we-are/nih-director/statements/time-end-manel-tradition.
Collins, Susan M. 2000. "Minority Groups in the Economics Profession." Journal of Economic Perspectives 14 (2): 133-148. https://pubs.aeaweb.org/doi/pdf/10.1257/jep.14.2.133.
Commission on Ethnic Minority Recruitment, Retention, and Training in Psychology. 2019. “How to Recruit and Hire Ethnic Minority Faculty.” American Psychological Association. https://www.apa.org/pi/oema/resources/brochures/how-to.
Committee on Academic Freedom and Professional Rights and Responsibilities. 2018. “Guidelines for Search Committees and Job Seekers on Entry-Level Faculty Recruitment and Hiring.” Modern Language Association. https://www.mla.org/Resources/Career/Career-Resources/Guidelines-for-Search-Committees-and-Job-Seekers-on-Entry-Level-Faculty-Recruitment-and-Hiring.
Cook, Lisa D. 2019. “Mentoring Undergraduate Women Who Are Students of Color.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 1, 8–10. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=9317.
Covitz, Daniel, and Karen Pence. 2018. “A Perspective from the Federal Reserve Board on Diversity and Inclusion in Economist Professional Development.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 3, 4–5. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=8644.
CSMGEP. 2019. “Report of the Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession (CSMGEP).” AEA. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=9030.
CSWEP. 2018. “Statement by the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession on Professional Climate and EJMR with Recommendations to the American Economic Association.” AEA. https://www.aeaweb.org/about-aea/committees/cswep/statement.
CSWEP. 2019. “Conferences, Events and Fellowships.” AEA. https://www.aeaweb.org/about-aea/committees/cswep/programs/resources/events.
Cullinan, Renee. 2016. “Run Meetings That Are Fair to Introverts, Women, and Remote Workers.” Harvard Business Review, April 29, 2016. https://hbr.org/2016/04/run-meetings-that-are-fair-to-introverts-women-and-remote-workers.
Cutler, Anne, and Donia R. Scott. 1990. “Speaker Sex and Perceived Apportionment of Talk.” Applied Psycholinguistics 11 (3): 253–72. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716400008882.
Daly, Mary C. 2018. “Getting from Diversity to Inclusion in Economics.” Speech at the Gender and Career Progression Conference, London, May 14, 2018. https://www.frbsf.org/our-district/files/Mary-Daly-Speech-Diversity-to-Inclusion-Economics-London.pdf.
Dion, Michelle L., Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, and Jane Lawrence Sumner. 2018. “What We Know about Gender Citation Bias, and How to Solve It.” Diversity Hackathon Citation Team, American Political Science Association. https://mk0apsaconnectbvy6p6.kinstacdn.com/wp-content/uploads/sites/30/2019/06/APSA-Diversity-Hackathon-Citation-Team-2019-revisions-002.pdf.
Div.E.Q. 2011a. “Inclusive Communication.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Inclusive_communication.
Div.E.Q. 2011b. “Incorporate ‘Breaks’ into Your Lectures.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Incorporate_%27breaks%27_into_your_lectures
Div.E.Q. 2011c. “Think-Pair-Share.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Think-pair-share.
Div.E.Q. 2011d. “Wait Time.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Wait_time.
Div.E.Q. 2012. “Peer Instruction.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Peer_Instruction.
Div.E.Q. 2013. “Bloom.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Bloom.
Div.E.Q. 2019. “Videos on Economists and Their Research.” Accessed November 18, 2019. http://diversifyingecon.org/index.php/Videos_on_economists_and_their_research.
Dobbin, Frank, and Alexandra Kalev. 2016. “Why Diversity Programs Fail, and What Works Better.” Harvard Business Review, July–August 2016, 52–60. https://hbr.org/2016/07/why-diversity-programs-fail.
Doleac, Jennifer (@jenniferdoleac). 2018. “Since this was so well-received, I'm going to do it again. There are lots of female econ Ph.D. candidates on the market this year—great news for those trying to diversify their interview pools! Women on the 2018-19 econ job market, in no particular order.” Twitter Thread. October 27, 2018. https://twitter.com/jenniferdoleac/status/1056268487977517056.
Doleac, Jennifer, and Elizabeth Pancotti. 2019. “Econ Seminar Diversity.” https://econseminardiversity.shinyapps.io/EconSeminarDiversity/.
Drago, Robert. 2007. “Faculty and Family Commitments.” CSWEP News, AEA, Spring/Summer Issue, 4–7. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=563.
Driver, Julia. 2015. “Best Practices for Interviewing.” American Philosophical Association. https://www.apaonline.org/page/interviewing.
Dweck, Carol S. 2008. “Mindsets and Math/Science Achievement.” Carnegie Corporation of New York–Institute for Advanced Study Commission on Mathematics and Science Education. https://www.growthmindsetmaths.com/uploads/2/3/7/7/23776169/mindset_and_math_science_achievement_-_nov_2013.pdf.
Educational Testing Service. 2018. “A Snapshot of the Individuals Who Took the GRE General Test: July 2012–June 2017.” https://www.ets.org/s/gre/pdf/snapshot_test_taker_data_2017.pdf.
Eisenbarth, Alex. 2018. “Respecting Our Students with Pronouns: A Guide for Educators of All Genders.” Maynard’s Notes, AEA CSQIEP, Vol. 1, No. 2; pp. 1–2, 4–7. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=6126.
Eisner, Emily, and Megan Lang, ed. 2019. Graduate Student Summit for Diversity in Economics: Summaries and Take-Aways from Workshops. Berkeley, CA: Women in Economics at Berkeley. http://calwomenofecon.weebly.com/uploads/9/6/1/0/96100906/workshop_briefs_from_the_summit_on_diversity_in_economics.pdf.
Fairlie, Robert W., Florian Hoffmann, and Philip Oreopoulos. 2014. “A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom.” American Economic Review 104 (8): 2567–91. https://www.aeaweb.org/articles?id=10.1257/aer.104.8.2567.
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Freeman, Scott, Sarah L. Eddy, Miles McDonough, Michelle K. Smith, Nnadozie Okoroafor, Hannah Jordt, and Mary Pat Wenderoth. 2014. “Active Learning Increases Student Performance in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics.” PNAS 111 (23): 8410–15. https://www.pnas.org/content/111/23/8410.
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Li, Hsueh-Hsiang. 2018. “Do Mentoring, Information, and Nudge Reduce the Gender Gap in Economics Majors?” Economics of Education Review 64: 165–83. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0272775717305198.
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Lundberg, Shelly. 2018. “The 2018 Report of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession.” AEA CSWEP. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=9270.
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MacNell, Lillian, Adam Driscoll, and Andrea N. Hunt. 2015. “What’s in a Name: Exposing Gender Bias in Student Ratings of Teaching.” Innovative Higher Education 40 (4) 291–303. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10755-014-9313-4.
Madera, Juan M., Michelle R. Hebl, and Randi C. Martin. 2009. “Gender and Letters of Recommendation for Academia: Agentic and Communal Differences.” Journal of Applied Psychology 94 (6): 1591–99. https://psycnet.apa.org/doiLanding?doi=10.1037%2Fa0016539.
McKinnish, Terra. 2017. “Facilitating Success for Diverse Junior Economists.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 2, 3–5. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=5524.
Mengel, Friederike, Jan Sauermann, and Ulf Zölitz. 2019. “Gender Bias in Teaching Evaluations.” Journal of the European Economic Association 17 (2): 535–66. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeea/jvx057.
Milkman, Katherine L., Modupe Akinola, and Dolly Chugh. 2015. “What Happens Before? A Field Experiment Exploring How Pay and Representation Differentially Shape Bias on the Pathway into Organizations.” Journal of Applied Psychology 100 (6): 1678–712. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2015-15680-001.
Misra, Joya, Jennifer Hickes Lundquist, Elissa Holmes, and Stephanie Agiomavritis. 2011. “The Ivory Ceiling of Service Work.” Academe, American Association of University Professors, January–February, 22–26. https://www.aaup.org/article/ivory-ceiling-service-work#.XdL5k797lTY.
MIT Department of Economics. 2019. “Guidance for a Constructive Culture of Exchange in MIT Economics Seminars.” https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Pf9fYEtDLg-IbooxHraO8tPL5I9GW5vxC-TW_CmQBcE/edit.
Mitchell, Sara McLaughlin, and Vicki L. Hesli. 2013. “Women Don’t Ask? Women Don’t Say No? Bargaining and Service in the Political Science Profession.” PS: Political Science & Politics 46(2): 355–69. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1049096513000073.
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Montgomery, Beronda L. 2019. “Mentoring as Environmental Stewardship.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 1, 10–11. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=9317.
Montgomery, Beronda L. (@BerondaM). 2019. “Dear #Mentor, It is not your primary job to VET the career goals/aspirations of those you mentor. Your job is to bring your energy and support to helping them realize their goals/aspirations...or to get out of the way of someone who will AND can. Sincerely, @BerondaM.” Twitter Thread. June 18, 2019. https://twitter.com/BerondaM/status/1140960133939208192.
Mora, Marie T. 2017. “Best Practices in Recruiting, Advancing, and Mentoring for Diversity.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 2, 7–9. https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=5524.
Moss-Racusin, Corinne A., John F. Dovidio, Victoria L. Brescoll, Mark J. Graham, and Jo Handelsman. 2012. “Science Faculty’s Subtle Gender Biases Favor Male Students.” PNAS 109 (41): 16474–79. https://www.pnas.org/content/109/41/16474.
National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Supporting Students’ College Success: The Role of Assessment of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Competencies. Washington, DC: National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/24697.
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