References for Best Practices for Economists

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Advocates for Diversity in Economics. 2018. “An Open Letter Regarding Harassment and Discrimination in the Economics Profession.” Medium, December 27, 2018.

AEA. 2015. “A Career in Economics . . . It’s Much More Than You Think.”

AEA. 2018. “AEA Code of Professional Conduct.” Adopted April 20, 2018.

AEA. 2019. “AEA Policy on Harassment and Discrimination.”

Akerlof, George A. Forthcoming. “Sins of Omission and the Practice of Economics.” Journal of Economic Literature.

Al-Bahrani, Abdullah. 2019. “The Growth Mindset.”

Allgood, Sam, Lee Badgett, Amanda Bayer, Marianne Bertrand, Sandra E. Black, Nick Bloom, and Lisa D. Cook. 2019. AEA Professional Climate Survey: Final Report. Nashville, TN: AEA.

Allgood, Sam, and Amanda Bayer. 2016. “Measuring College Learning in Economics.” In Improving Quality in American Higher Education: Learning Outcomes and Assessments for the 21st Century, edited by Richard Arum, Josipa Roksa, and Amanda Cook, 87–134. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 

Allgood, Sam, and Amanda Bayer. 2017. “Learning Outcomes for Economists.” American Economic Review 107 (5): 660–64.

American Council on Education, American Association of University Professors, and United Educators. 2000. “Good Practice in Tenure Evaluation: Advice for Tenured Faculty, Department Chairs, and Academic Administrators.”

American Finance Association. 2018. “American Finance Association Code of Professional Conduct and Ethics.”

American Psychological Association. 2006. “Stereotype Threat Widens Achievement Gap.”

American Sociological Association. 2019. “Reconsidering Student Evaluations of Teaching: Statement from the American Sociological Association.”

American Statistical Association. 2019. “ASA Activities Conduct Policies.”

Anderson, Kristin J., and Campbell Leaper. 1998. “Meta-analyses of Gender Effects on Conversational Interruption: Who, What, When, Where, and How.” Sex Roles 39 (3–4): 225–52.

Antecol, Heather, Kelly Bedard, and Jenna Stearns. 2018. “Equal but Inequitable: Who Benefits from Gender-Neutral Tenure Clock Stopping Policies?” American Economic Review 108 (9): 2420–41.

Aronson, Joshua, Carrie B. Fried, and Catherine Good. 2002. “Reducing the Effects of Stereotype Threat on African American College Students by Shaping Theories of Intelligence.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 38 (2): 113–25.

Athey, Susan, Christopher Avery, and Peter Zemsky. 2000. "Mentoring and Diversity." American Economic Review 90 (4): 765-786.

Athey, Susan, Lawrence F. Katz, Alan B. Krueger, Steven Levitt, and James Poterba. 2007. “What Does Performance in Graduate School Predict? Graduate Economics Education and Student Outcomes.” American Economic Review 97 (2): 512–20.

Avilova, Tatyana, and Claudia Goldin. 2018. “What Can UWE Do for Economics?” AEA Papers and Proceedings 108: 186–90.

Babcock, Linda, Maria P. Recalde, Lise Vesterlund, and Laurie Weingart. 2017. “Gender Differences in Accepting and Receiving Requests for Tasks with Low Promotability.” American Economic Review 107 (3): 714–47.

Barreira, Paul, Matthew Basilico, and Valentin Bolotnyy. 2018. “Graduate Student Mental Health: Lessons from American Economics Departments.”

Bavishi, Anish, Juan M. Madera, and Michelle R. Hebl. 2010. “The Effect of Professor Ethnicity and Gender on Student Evaluations: Judged before Met.” Journal of Diversity in Higher Education 3 (4): 245–56.

Bayer, Amanda, ed. 2011. Diversifying Economic Quality: A Wiki for Instructors and Departments. Nashville, TN: AEA CSMGEP.

Bayer, Amanda. Forthcoming. “(Professional) Climate Change.” Minority Report, AEA, Issue 12.

Bayer, Amanda, Syon P. Bhanot, Erin Bronchetti. and Stephen O’Connell. Forthcoming. “Diagnosing the Learning Environment for Diverse Students in Introductory Economics: An Analysis of Relevance, Belonging, and Growth Mindsets.” AEA Papers and Proceedings.

Bayer, Amanda, Syon P. Bhanot, and Fernando Lozano. 2019. “Does Simple Information Provision Lead to More Diverse Classrooms? Evidence from a Field Experiment on Undergraduate Economics.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 109: 110–14.

Bayer, Amanda, and Cecilia Elena Rouse. 2016. “Diversity in the Economics Profession: A New Attack on an Old Problem.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 30 (4): 221–42.

Bayer, Amanda, and David W. Wilcox. 2019. “The Unequal Distribution of Economic Education: A Report on the Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Economics Majors at U.S. Colleges and Universities.” Journal of Economic Education 50 (3): 1–22.

Bertrand, Marianne, Dolly Chugh, and Sendhil Mullainathan. 2005. “Implicit Discrimination.” American Economic Review 95 (2): 94–98.

Bingham, Shereen G. 2018.“Addressing Sexual Harassment in Academic Institutions.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 1, 10–12.

Blakeney, Aly, Stephanie Kestelman, and Chenyuan Liu. 2019. “Best Practices and Policies.” In Graduate Student Summit for Diversity in Economics: Summaries and Take-Aways from Workshops, edited by Emily Eisner and Megan Lang, 7–14. Berkeley, CA: Women in Economics at Berkeley.

Blau, Francine D., Janet M. Currie, Rachel T. A. Croson, and Donna K. Ginther. 2010. “Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors? Interim Results from a Randomized Trial.” American Economic Review 100 (2): 348–52.

Bogan, Vicki L. 2019. “Academic Mentoring Relationships: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.” Minority Report, AEA, Issue 11, 18–20.

Boring, Anne, Kellie Ottoboni, and Philip B. Stark. 2016. “Student Evaluations of Teaching (Mostly) Do Not Measure Teaching Effectiveness” ScienceOpen Research.

Boustan, Leah. 2019. “Department Guidelines for Hiring PreDocs.” Princeton University.

Boustan, Leah, and Andrew Langan. 2019. “Variation in Women’s Success across PhD Programs in Economics.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 33 (1): 23–42.

Buckles, Kasey. 2019. “Fixing the Leaky Pipeline: Strategies for Making Economics Work for Women at Every Stage.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 33 (1): 43–60.

Burton, Anne M., and Barton Willage. 2019. “Economics Conferences.”

Byrne, Anne. 2019. “Small Grants for Graduate Students.”

Canning, Elizabeth A., Katherine Muenks, Dorainne J. Green, and Mary C. Murphy. 2019. “STEM Faculty Who Believe Ability Is Fixed Have Larger Racial Achievement Gaps and Inspire Less Student Motivation in Their Classes.” Science Advances 5 (2): eaau4734.

Card, David, Stefano DellaVigna, Patricia Funk, and Nagore Iriberri. 2019. “Are Referees and Editors in Economics Gender Neutral?” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, qjz035.

Carrell, Scott E., Marianne E. Page, and James E. West. 2010. “Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 125 (3): 1101–44.

Carrell, Scott E., and James E. West. 2010. “Does Professor Quality Matter? Evidence from Random Assignment of Students to Professors.” Journal of Political Economy 118 (3): 409–32.

Ceci, Stephen J., Donna K. Ginther, Shulamit Kahn, and Wendy M. Williams. 2014. “Women in Academic Science: A Changing Landscape.” Psychological Science in the Public Interest 15(3): 75–141.

Chari, Anusha, and Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham. 2018. “Gender Representation in Economics across Topics and Time: Evidence from the NBER Summer Institute.”

Collins, Francis S. 2019. “Time to End the Manel Tradition.” National Institutes of Health.

Collins, Susan M. 2000. "Minority Groups in the Economics Profession." Journal of Economic Perspectives 14 (2): 133-148.

Commission on Ethnic Minority Recruitment, Retention, and Training in Psychology. 2019. “How to Recruit and Hire Ethnic Minority Faculty.” American Psychological Association.

Committee on Academic Freedom and Professional Rights and Responsibilities. 2018. “Guidelines for Search Committees and Job Seekers on Entry-Level Faculty Recruitment and Hiring.” Modern Language Association.

Cook, Lisa D. 2019. “Mentoring Undergraduate Women Who Are Students of Color.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 1, 8–10.

Covitz, Daniel, and Karen Pence. 2018. “A Perspective from the Federal Reserve Board on Diversity and Inclusion in Economist Professional Development.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 3, 4–5.

CSMGEP. 2019. “Report of the Committee on the Status of Minority Groups in the Economics Profession (CSMGEP).” AEA.

CSWEP. 2018. “Statement by the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession on Professional Climate and EJMR with Recommendations to the American Economic Association.” AEA.

CSWEP. 2019. “Conferences, Events and Fellowships.” AEA.

Cullinan, Renee. 2016. “Run Meetings That Are Fair to Introverts, Women, and Remote Workers.” Harvard Business Review, April 29, 2016.

Cutler, Anne, and Donia R. Scott. 1990. “Speaker Sex and Perceived Apportionment of Talk.” Applied Psycholinguistics 11 (3): 253–72.

Daly, Mary C. 2018. “Getting from Diversity to Inclusion in Economics.” Speech at the Gender and Career Progression Conference, London, May 14, 2018.

Dion, Michelle L., Sara McLaughlin Mitchell, and Jane Lawrence Sumner. 2018. “What We Know about Gender Citation Bias, and How to Solve It.” Diversity Hackathon Citation Team, American Political Science Association.

Div.E.Q. 2011a. “Inclusive Communication.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Div.E.Q. 2011b. “Incorporate ‘Breaks’ into Your Lectures.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Div.E.Q. 2011c. “Think-Pair-Share.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Div.E.Q. 2011d. “Wait Time.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Div.E.Q. 2012. “Peer Instruction.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Div.E.Q. 2013. “Bloom.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Div.E.Q. 2019. “Videos on Economists and Their Research.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Dobbin, Frank, and Alexandra Kalev. 2016. “Why Diversity Programs Fail, and What Works Better.” Harvard Business Review, July–August 2016, 52–60.

Doleac, Jennifer (@jenniferdoleac). 2018. “Since this was so well-received, I'm going to do it again. There are lots of female econ Ph.D. candidates on the market this year—great news for those trying to diversify their interview pools! Women on the 2018-19 econ job market, in no particular order.” Twitter Thread. October 27, 2018.

Doleac, Jennifer, and Elizabeth Pancotti. 2019. “Econ Seminar Diversity.”

Drago, Robert. 2007. “Faculty and Family Commitments.” CSWEP News, AEA, Spring/Summer Issue, 4–7.

Driver, Julia. 2015. “Best Practices for Interviewing.” American Philosophical Association.

Dweck, Carol S. 2008. “Mindsets and Math/Science Achievement.” Carnegie Corporation of New York–Institute for Advanced Study Commission on Mathematics and Science Education.

Educational Testing Service. 2018. “A Snapshot of the Individuals Who Took the GRE General Test: July 2012–June 2017.”

Eisenbarth, Alex. 2018. “Respecting Our Students with Pronouns: A Guide for Educators of All Genders.” Maynard’s Notes, AEA CSQIEP, Vol. 1, No. 2; pp. 1–2, 4–7.

Eisner, Emily, and Megan Lang, ed. 2019. Graduate Student Summit for Diversity in Economics: Summaries and Take-Aways from Workshops. Berkeley, CA: Women in Economics at Berkeley.

Fairlie, Robert W., Florian Hoffmann, and Philip Oreopoulos. 2014. “A Community College Instructor Like Me: Race and Ethnicity Interactions in the Classroom.” American Economic Review 104 (8): 2567–91.

Federal Reserve Board. 2017. “Guidance for Promotion to Principal Economist in the Division of Research and Statistics.”

Feiner, Susan F. 1993. “Introductory Economics Textbooks and the Treatment of Issues Relating to Women and Minorities, 1984 and 1991.” Journal of Economic Education 24 (2): 145–62.

Fich, Faith E. 2003. “Are Student Evaluations of Teaching Fair?” Computing Research News, Computing Research Association, Vol. 15, No. 3, pp. 2, 10.

Flory, Jeffrey A., Andreas Leibbrandt, Christina Rott, and Olga Stoddard. 2019. “Increasing Workplace Diversity: Evidence from a Recruiting Experiment at a Fortune 500 Company.”

Foust-Cummings, Heather, Sarah Dinolfo, and Jennifer Kohler. 2011. “Sponsoring Women to Success.” Catalyst.

Freeman, Scott, Sarah L. Eddy, Miles McDonough, Michelle K. Smith, Nnadozie Okoroafor, Hannah Jordt, and Mary Pat Wenderoth. 2014. “Active Learning Increases Student Performance in Science, Engineering, and Mathematics.” PNAS 111 (23): 8410–15.

Friebel, Guido, and Sascha Wilhelm. 2019. “Women in European Economics: A Real-Time Monitoring Tool.”

Fricke, Hans, Jeffrey Grogger, and Andreas Steinmayr. 2018. “Exposure to Academic Fields and College Major Choice.” Economics of Education Review 64: 199­–213.

Geological Society of America. 2019. “Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct.”

Ginther, Donna K., and Shulamit Kahn. 2014. “Academic Women’s Careers in the Social Sciences.” Chap. 11 in The Economics of Economists, edited by Alessandro Lanteri and Jack Vromen. Cambridge University Press.

Goldin, Claudia. 2015. “How to Achieve Gender Equality.” Milken Institute Review, Q3, 24–33.

Haak, David C., Janneke HilleRisLambers, Emile Pitre, and Scott Freeman. 2011. “Increased Structure and Active Learning Reduce the Achievement Gap in Introductory Biology.” Science 332 (6034): 1213–16.

Heckman, James J., and Sidharth Moktan. Forthcoming. “Publishing and Promotion in Economics: The Tyranny of the Top Five.” Journal of Economic Literature.

Hengel, Erin. 2019. “Publishing while Female: Are Women Held to Higher Standards? Evidence from Peer Review.”

Hospido, Laura, and Carlos Sanz. 2019. “Gender Gaps in the Evaluation of Research: Evidence from Submissions to Economics Conferences.” Working Paper 1989, Banco de España.

Hsieh, Chang-Tai, Erik Hurst, Charles I. Jones, and Peter J. Klenow. 2019. "The Allocation of Talent and US Economic Growth." Econometrica 87 (5): 1439-1474.

Husbands Fealing, Kaye H., Yufeng Lai, and Samuel L. Myers Jr. 2015. “Pathways vs. Pipelines to Broadening Participation in the STEM Workforce.” Journal of Women and Minorities in Science and Engineering 21 (4): 271–93.,7050440f5f321aae,57e401e20ef816f0.html.

Jack, Anthony Abraham. 2019. The Privileged Poor: How Elite Colleges Are Failing Disadvantaged Students. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Jeitschko, Thomas D. 2019. “Toward the Next Generation of Scholarship: Challenges and Opportunities for Full Participation in PhD Training in Economics.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 109: 250–54.

Kaschak, Ellyn. 1978. “Sex Bias in Student Evaluations of College Professors.” Psychology of Women Quarterly 2 (3): 235–42.

Kugler, Adriana D., Catherine H. Tinsley, Olga Ukhaneva. 2017. “Choice of Majors: Are Women Really Different from Men?” NBER Working Paper 23735.

Li, Hsueh-Hsiang. 2018. “Do Mentoring, Information, and Nudge Reduce the Gender Gap in Economics Majors?” Economics of Education Review 64: 165–83.

Link, Albert N., Christopher A. Swann, and Barry Bozeman. 2008. “A Time Allocation Study of University Faculty.” Economics of Education Review 27(4): 363–74.

Lundberg, Shelly. 2018. “The 2018 Report of the Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession.” AEA CSWEP.

Lundberg, Shelly, and Jenna Stearns. 2019. “Women in Economics: Stalled Progress." Journal of Economic Perspectives 33 (1): 3–22.

Lusher, Lester, Doug Campbell, and Scott Carrell. 2018. “TAs Like Me: Racial Interactions between Graduate Teaching Assistants and Undergraduates. Journal of Public Economics 159: 203–24.

MacNell, Lillian, Adam Driscoll, and Andrea N. Hunt. 2015. “What’s in a Name: Exposing Gender Bias in Student Ratings of Teaching.” Innovative Higher Education 40 (4) 291–303.

Madera, Juan M., Michelle R. Hebl, and Randi C. Martin. 2009. “Gender and Letters of Recommendation for Academia: Agentic and Communal Differences.” Journal of Applied Psychology 94 (6): 1591–99.

McKinnish, Terra. 2017. “Facilitating Success for Diverse Junior Economists.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 2, 3­–5.

Mengel, Friederike, Jan Sauermann, and Ulf Zölitz. 2019. “Gender Bias in Teaching Evaluations.” Journal of the European Economic Association 17 (2): 535–66.

Milkman, Katherine L., Modupe Akinola, and Dolly Chugh. 2015. “What Happens Before? A Field Experiment Exploring How Pay and Representation Differentially Shape Bias on the Pathway into Organizations.” Journal of Applied Psychology 100 (6): 1678–712.

Misra, Joya, Jennifer Hickes Lundquist, Elissa Holmes, and Stephanie Agiomavritis. 2011. “The Ivory Ceiling of Service Work.” Academe, American Association of University Professors, January­–February, 22–26.

MIT Department of Economics. 2019. “Guidance for a Constructive Culture of Exchange in MIT Economics Seminars.”

Mitchell, Sara McLaughlin, and Vicki L. Hesli. 2013. “Women Don’t Ask? Women Don’t Say No? Bargaining and Service in the Political Science Profession.” PS: Political Science & Politics 46(2): 355–69.

Modestino, Alicia, Pascaline Dupas, Muriel Niederle, Justin Wolfers. 2019. “Gender and the Dynamics of Economics Seminars.” Unpublished.

Montgomery, Beronda L. 2019. “Mentoring as Environmental Stewardship.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 1, 10–11.

Montgomery, Beronda L. (@BerondaM). 2019. “Dear #Mentor, It is not your primary job to VET the career goals/aspirations of those you mentor. Your job is to bring your energy and support to helping them realize their goals/aspirations...or to get out of the way of someone who will AND can. Sincerely, @BerondaM.” Twitter Thread. June 18, 2019.

Mora, Marie T. 2017. “Best Practices in Recruiting, Advancing, and Mentoring for Diversity.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 2, 7–9.

Moss-Racusin, Corinne A., John F. Dovidio, Victoria L. Brescoll, Mark J. Graham, and Jo Handelsman. 2012. “Science Faculty’s Subtle Gender Biases Favor Male Students.” PNAS 109 (41): 16474–79.

National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017. Supporting Students’ College Success: The Role of Assessment of Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Competencies. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Neath, Ian. 1996. “How to Improve Your Teaching Evaluations without Improving Your Teaching.” Psychological Reports 78: 1363–72.

Olney, Martha L. 2015. “The Undergraduate Origins of PhD Economists: The Berkeley Experience.” Journal of Economic Education 46 (2): 174–88.

Opoku-Agyeman, Anna Gifty (@itsafronomics). 2019. “Following the likes of @jenniferdoleac, here is a thread of BW who will be on the 2019/2020 Econ Job Market #EconTwitter. It might be the highest number ever! Many will be available for interviews at #ASSA2020. Please reply with anyone I may have missed! A thread/.” Twitter Thread. December 2, 2019.

Owen, Ann. 2019. “The Next Lawsuits to Hit Higher Education.” Inside Higher Ed, June 24, 2019.

Ozler, Berk. 2019. “Men at Work: Shhh!” Development Impact (blog), World Bank, February 11, 2019.

Peterson David A. M., Lori A. Biederman, David Andersen, Tessa M. Ditonto, and Kevin Roe. 2019. “Mitigating Gender Bias in Student Evaluations of Teaching.” PLOS ONE 14 (5): e0216241.

Porter, Catherine, and Daniela Serra. Forthcoming. “Gender Differences in the Choice of Major: The Importance of Female Role Models.” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics.

Price, Gregory N. 2009. “The Problem of the 21st Century: Economics Faculty and the Color Line.” Journal of Socio-economics 38 (2): 331– 43.

Price, Gregory N., and Rhonda V. Sharpe. 2018. "Is the Economics Knowledge Production Function Constrained by Race in the USA?" Journal of the Knowledge Economy. pp.1-16.

Ray, Debraj ⓡ Arthur Robson. 2018. “Certified Random: A New Order for Coauthorship.” American Economic Review 108 (2): 489–520.

Reuters. 2011. “Bernanke Speech on U.S. Economic Outlook.” Reuters, September 8, 2011. 

Rheinberg, Falko, Regina Vollmeyer, and Wolfram Rollett. 2000. “Motivation and Action in Self-Regulated Learning.” In Handbook of Self-Regulation, edited by Monique Boekaerts, Paul R. Pintrich, and Moshe Zeidner, 503–29. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Romer, David, and Justin Wolfers. 2018. “Countering Gender Bias and Improving Gender Balance: Lessons from Our Experience at Brookings Papers on Economic Activity.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 3, 7–9.

Sarsons, Heather. 2017. “Gender Differences in Recognition for Group Work.”

Sathy, Viji. 2018. “Charting a New Course: Fixing My Broken Statistics Class with High Structure Active Learning.” The Score Newsletter, American Psychological Association Division 5: Quantitative and Qualitative Methods, Vol. 40, No. 2. 

Saunders, Elizabeth Grace. 2015. “Do You Really Need to Hold That Meeting?” Harvard Business Review, March 20, 2015.

Schmader, Toni, Jessica Whitehead, and Vicki H. Wysocki. 2007. “A Linguistic Comparison of Letters of Recommendation for Male and Female Chemistry and Biochemistry Job Applicants.” Sex Roles 57 (7–8): 509–14.

Schwarz, Roger. 2015. “How to Design an Agenda for an Effective Meeting.” Harvard Business Review, March 19, 2015.

Sharpe, Rhonda V. 2019. “Disaggregating Data by Race Allows for More Accurate Research.” Nature Human Behaviour.

Sharpe, Rhonda V., and Omari H. Swinton. 2018. “Historically Black Colleges and Universities and Hispanic-Serving Institutions Are a Rich Source for the Economics Pipeline.” Minority Report, AEA CSMGEP, Issue 10, 1–5.

Sheltzer, Jason M., and Joan C. Smith. 2014. “Elite Male Faculty in the Life Sciences Employ Fewer Women.” PNAS 111 (28): 10107–12.

Sinclair, Lisa, and Ziva Kunda. 1999. “Reactions to a Black Professional: Motivated Inhibition and Activation of Conflicting Stereotypes.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 77 (5): 885–904.

Sinclair, Lisa, and Ziva Kunda. 2000. “Motivated Stereotyping of Women: She’s Fine if She Praised Me but Incompetent if She Criticized Me.” Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 25 (11): 1329–42.

Sisk, Victoria F., Alexander P. Burgoyne, Jingze Sun, Jennifer L. Butler, and Brooke N. Macnamara. "To What Extent and Under Which Circumstances are Growth Mind-Sets Important to Academic Achievement? Two Meta-Analyses." 2018. Psychological Science 29 (4): 549-571.

Social Science Research Council. 2016. “Essential Concepts and Competencies: Disciplinary Frameworks for Teaching, Learning, and Assessment.”

Society for Human Resource Management. 2018. “Guidelines on Interview and Employment Application Questions.”

Soll, Jack B., Katherine L. Milkman, and John W. Payne. 2014. “A User’s Guide to Debiasing.” Chap. 33 in Handbook of Judgment and Decision Making, Vol. 2, edited by Gideon Keren and George Wu. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.

Stark, Philip B., and Richard Freishtat. 2014. “An Evaluation of Course Evaluations.” ScienceOpen Research.

Stevenson, Betsey, and Hanna Zlotnik. 2018. “Representations of Men and Women in Introductory Economics Textbooks.” AEA Papers and Proceedings 108: 180–85.

Sumner, Jane Lawrence. n.d. “The Gender Balance Assessment Tool (GBAT).”

Sumner, Jane Lawrence. 2018. “The Gender Balance Assessment Tool (GBAT): A Web-Based Tool for Estimating Gender Balance in Syllabi and Bibliographies.” PS: Political Science and Politics 51 (2): 396–400.

Suri, Tavneet, and Paul Niehaus. 2019. “Status of Women in the Field of Development Economics.”

Taylor, Curtis R. 2019. "Managing an Academic Career as a Person who is Blind." Presentation at the Bank of Canada, October 22, 2019.

Taylor, Timothy. 2019. “Some Journal of Economic Perspectives Articles Recommended for Classroom Use.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 33 (3): 243–48.

Trix, Frances, and Carolyn Psenka. 2003. “Exploring the Color of Glass: Letters of Recommendation for Female and Male Medical Faculty.” Discourse and Society 14 (2): 191–220.

Turner, Caroline Sotello Viernes, and Samuel L. Myers. 2000. Faculty of Color in Academe: Bittersweet Success. Needham Heights, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

UC Berkeley. 2019. “Guidelines for Preventing and Responding to Faculty Bullying and Other Demeaning and Disruptive Behavior.”

UC Berkeley Office for Faculty Equity and Welfare. 2019. “Guidelines for Applicants Writing Statements.”

Uhlmann, Eric Luis, and Geoffrey L. Cohen. 2005. “Constructed Criteria: Redefining Merit to Justify Discrimination.” Psychological Science 16 (6): 474–80.

University of California. 2018. “Policy on Discrimination, Harassment, and Affirmative Action in the Workplace.”

University of California. 2019. “Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Policy.”

University of Michigan. 2004. “Faculty Annual Review Form Template.”

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. 2019. “Prohibited Practices.”

Walton, Gregory M., and Geoffrey L. Cohen. 2011. “A Brief Social-Belonging Intervention Improves Academic and Health Outcomes of Minority Students.” Science 331 (6023): 1447–51.

Washington and Lee University. n.d. “Curricular Advice.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Watts, Michael, and Georg Schaur. 2011. “Teaching and Assessment Methods in Undergraduate Economics: A Fourth National Quinquennial Survey.” Journal of Economic Education 42 (3): 294–309.

Wenderoth, Mary. 2015. “Using Clickers Effectively.” YouTube. November 30, 2015.

Wessel, David, Louise Sheiner, and Michael Ng. 2019. “Gender and Racial Diversity of Federal Government Economists.” Hutchins Center on Fiscal and Monetary Policy, Brookings Institution.

Wilcox, David W. 2017. “Diversity and Inclusion at the Federal Reserve Board: A Program for Change.” CSWEP News, AEA, Issue 2, 5–7.

Williams College Economics Student Advisory Committee. n.d. “Student Guide for Navigating the Economics Department.” Accessed November 18, 2019.

Wong, Dona, Andrew Giannelli, Christine Sommo, Krista Schmidt, Charlene Raytek, Alan Chong, Clyde Goffe, Rouel Lanche, Amanda Bayer, Bo Yeon Jang, and David Wilcox. n.d. “Who Is Being Trained in Economics? The Race, Ethnicity, and Gender of Economics Majors at U.S. Colleges and Universities.” Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Accessed February 21, 2019.

Woolley, Anita Williams, Chrisotpher F. Chabris, Alex Pentland, Nada Hashmi, Thomas W. Malone. 2010. “Evidence for a Collective Intelligence Factor in the Performance of Human Groups.” Science 330 (6004): 686–88.

Wu, Alice H. Forthcoming. “Gender Bias in Rumors among Professionals: An Identity-Based Interpretation.” Review of Economics and Statistics.

Wu, Stephen. 2005. “Where Do Faculty Receive Their PhDs? A Comparison across Six Disciplines.” Academe 91(4): 53–54.

Yeager, David S., Paul Hanselman, Gregory M. Walton, Jared S. Murray, Robert Crosnoe, Chandra Muller, Elizabeth Tipton et al. 2019. "A National Experiment Reveals Where a Growth Mindset Improves Achievement." Nature 573 (7774): 364-369.

Yeager, David S., Gregory M. Walton, Shannon T. Brady, Ezgi N. Akcinar, David Paunesku, Laura Keane, Donald Kamentz, Gretchen Ritter, Angela Lee Duckworth, Robert Urstein, Eric M. Gomez, Hazel Rose Markus, Geoffrey L. Cohen, and Carol S. Dweck. 2016. “Teaching a Lay Theory before College Narrows Achievement Gaps at Scale.” PNAS 113 (24): E3341–48.

Yellen, Janet L. 2019. “Former Fed Chair Janet Yellen on Gender and Racial Diversity of the Federal Government’s Economists.” Brookings Institution.