The Gender Application Gap: Do Men and Women Apply for the Same Jobs?
Anita M. Glenny
Nikolaj A. Harmon
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy (Forthcoming)
Men and women tend to hold different jobs. Are these differences present already in the
types of jobs men and women apply for? Using administrative data on job applications made
by the universe of Danish UI recipients, we provide evidence on gender differences in applied-for
jobs for the broader labor market. Across a range of job characteristics, we find large gender
gaps in the share of applications going to different types of jobs even among observationally
similar men and women. In a standard decomposition, gender differences in applications can
explain more than 70 percent of the residual gender wage gap.