Male-female wage gaps declined significantly over the 1980s and
1990s, while returns to education increased. In this paper, we use
cross-city data to explore whether, like the return to education, the
change in the gender wage gap may reflect changes in skill prices
induced by the diffusion of information technology. We show that
male-female and education-wage differentials moved in opposite
directions in response to the adoption of PCs. Our most credible estimates simply that changes in skill prices driven by PC adoption can
explain most of the decline in the US male-female wage gap since
Beaudry, Paul, and Ethan Lewis.
"Do Male-Female Wage Differentials Reflect Differences in the Return to Skill? Cross-City Evidence from 1980-2000."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics