“Too Young to Die”. Deprivation Measures Combining Poverty, and Premature Mortality
- American Economic Journal: Applied Economics (Forthcoming)
Most measures of deprivation concentrate on deprivation among the living
population and, thus, ignore premature mortality. This omission leads to a
severe bias in the evaluation of deprivation. We propose two different measures
that combine information on poverty and premature mortality of a population.
These measures are consistent and satisfy a number of desirable properties
unmet by all other measures combining early mortality and poverty. Moreover,
one measure is readily computable with available data and easily interpretable.
We show that omitting premature mortality leads to an underestimation of
total deprivation in 2015 of at least 36% at the world level.
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