The Side Effects of Immunity: Malaria and African Slavery in the United States
- American Economic Journal: Applied Economics (Forthcoming)
This paper documents the role of malaria in the diffusion of African slavery in the United
States. The novel empirical evidence reveals that the introduction of malaria triggered a demand
for malaria-resistant labor, which led to a massive expansion of African enslaved workers in the
more malaria-infested areas. Further results document that, among African slaves, more malariaresistant individuals, i.e. those born in the most malaria-ridden regions of Africa, commanded
significantly higher prices.
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