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American Economic Journal: Applied Economics: Vol. 5 No. 2 (April 2013)

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Health, Height, Height Shrinkage, and SES at Older Ages: Evidence from China

Article Citation

Huang, Wei, Xiaoyan Lei, Geert Ridder, John Strauss, and Yaohui Zhao. 2013. "Health, Height, Height Shrinkage, and SES at Older Ages: Evidence from China." American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 5(2): 86-121.

DOI: 10.1257/app.5.2.86

Abstract

In this paper, we build on the literature that examines associations between height and health outcomes of the elderly. We investigate the associations of height shrinkage at older ages with socioeconomic status, finding that height shrinkage for both men and women is negatively associated with better schooling, current urban residence, and household per capita expenditures. We then investigate the relationships between pre-shrinkage height, height shrinkage, and a rich set of health outcomes of older respondents, finding that height shrinkage is positively associated with poor health outcomes across a variety of outcomes, being especially strong for cognition outcomes. (JEL I12, J14, O15, P36)

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Authors

Huang, Wei (Harvard U)
Lei, Xiaoyan (Peking U)
Ridder, Geert (U Southern CA)
Strauss, John (U Southern CA)
Zhao, Yaohui (Peking U)

JEL Classifications

I12: Health Production
J14: Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-labor Market Discrimination
O15: Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
P36: Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions: Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training: Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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