Migration and Housing
Friday, Jan. 3, 2020 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM (PDT)
- Chair: Danny Ben-Shahar, Tel Aviv University
A Tale of Two Cities: The Impact of Cross-Border Migration on Hong Kong's Housing Market
AbstractIn this era of globalization, cross-border migration brings capital flows and leads to accelerating
demand for local housing resources. This paper examines the impact of the increase in mainland Chinese migrants between 2001 and 2017 on Hong Kong’s housing market. We find that mainland Chinese buyers pay 4.4% more than locals for housing purchase. This price disparity is greater for larger units at central locations. Sellers enjoy 6.6% higher gross holding period return when they sell to mainland buyers. In the same building, more mainland buyers also lead to a housing price increase and higher gross return in the subsequent year. The “safe haven effect”, or mainland buyer’s confidence in China’s currency and economy, explains over 34% of the price premium they pay, which dominates other channels, such as residential sorting and the weak bargaining power of mainland buyers.
A World Divided: Refugee Centers, House Prices, and Household Preferences
AbstractUsing detailed housing transactions data from the Netherlands over the period 1990-2015, we examine the disamenity effect associated with the opening of refugee centers (RCs). This effect captures a negative externality but also reflects the attitudes of incumbent households towards immigration. Using a difference-in-differences methodology, we show that the opening of an RC decreases house prices within 2km by 3-6%. This effect has become stronger over the past decade and is correlated with the local share of nationalist, anti-immigration, votes. Using micro-data on home buyers' characteristics and employing a non-parametric hedonic pricing method, we identify households' individual preferences. The willingness to pay is more negative for larger RCs, suggesting stronger negative externalities. However, we also show that the willingness to pay of foreign-born households is more positive. This is indicative of a more positive attitude towards immigration. Overall, these results imply that when opening RCs, it is advisable to keep them relatively small and locate them in more ethnically diverse areas.
Ideology, Religion, and Cheap Housing: Israeli Settlement of the West Bank
AbstractWe show that religious belief and national-ideological worldview affect response to economic factors among Israeli West Bank settlers. We identify households that likely hold divergent views on West Bank settlement using political party support as inferred from local statistical area national election results. Findings of aggregate polytomous logistic model estimation show that economic opportunity, notably lower housing costs, prompt West Bank moves among all household types. Also, West Bank moves are elevated among households with deeply held national-religious ideology and ultra-orthodox religious beliefs and in their moves to settlements with similar ideological and political stance. Belief divergence affects response to common economic and policy factors: lower housing costs are more important to West Bank moves among households holding national-religious views, whereas those same factors are mediated and substantially less salient among households lacking fundamental ideological imperatives for settlement. Research findings are corroborated in estimation and simulation of micro-based proportional hazard models of Israeli household West Bank moves. Results have implications for policy and for future control of West Bank territory. Ongoing settlement among all belief groups growth remains importantly dependent on favorable pecuniary economic returns to migration.
- F2 - International Factor Movements and International Business
- R2 - Household Analysis