The Growth of Alternative Work Arrangements: Measurements and Implications
Friday, Jan. 3, 2020 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM (PDT)
- Chair: Teresa Ghilarducci, New School for Social Research
Contract Work and Labor Force Participation at Older Ages
AbstractEnsuring the adequacy of older Americans' incomes is among the most salient policy challenges currently facing the United States. Although older workers face significant barriers to employment, labor force participation has been rising among those age 55 and over, reflecting, in part, the need to work later in life to make ends meet. Available evidence suggests that independent contractor arrangements, including "gig" work, have grown in recent years, a trend that may have facilitated workforce attachment among older Americans. To help fill the gap in what is known about this phenomenon, we will analyze new data on contract work collected in a module we designed for the Gallup Strada Education Pulse Survey. These data will measure the prevalence of various contract arrangements among older workers and provide new information on the reasons they take this work. Complementing the analysis of these data, we will analyze longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to provide insights into changes in the prevalence of various work arrangements among older workers over time and the role they have played in increasing workforce attachment.
Are More Older Workers Moving to Non-Traditional Jobs as Globalization and Automation Spread?
AbstractThis paper uses the measures of globalization and automation from Autor/Dorn and Acemoglu/Restrepo as the indices of the spread of globalization and automation to local areas, and determines whether workers in the more-affected areas are more likely to be in non-traditional jobs - defined as those without health and/or retirement benefits and volatility in employment, hours, or earnings. Our preliminary results indicate that areas exposed to greater competition from automation have seen more workers in non-traditional jobs, and more workers moving from traditional to non-traditional jobs.
- J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs