Race, Immigration, Gender: Advances in Heterodox Methodology
Friday, Jan. 4, 2019 2:30 PM - 4:30 PM
- Chair: Sirisha Naidu, Wright State University
The Fading Mark of Migration: Assimilation as Information Loss among United States Immigrants
AbstractThe labor market integration of immigrants raises thorny issues regarding both the behavior and composition of the immigrant groups as well as the structure of opportunities at the destination. Standard economics accounts of income "assimilation" are based on 1.) the marginal productivity theory of income distribution and 2.) the modeling of conditional expectations of wages. I argue that 1.) misconstrues the process of value creation and 2.) neglects information contained in the wage distributions themselves. Instead, I start from the fundamentally incomplete nature of socioeconomic data and propose a meso-level measure of income assimilation that is founded in information theory. For immigrants to become assimilated in this sense turns on the extent to which the various social processes involved in income allocation "forget" about the immigrant status of a cohort. I present results for different cohorts and regions of origin between 1970 and 2010 using Census data for the United States.
Relations of Production and Relations of Sex/Gender/Age
AbstractA theoretical understanding of the oppression of women cannot be derived solely from an analysis of relations of production but must incorporate an understanding of relations of sex/gender/age. It must therefore build on an analysis of kinship relations that has traditionally been outside of the sphere of inquiry by “economists” but was the focus of the 1975 article, “The Traffic in Women: Notes on the ‘Political Economy’ of Sex” by Gayle Rubin, in Rayna Reiter (ed.) Towards an Anthropology of Women. Such a theoretical approach avoids the fruitless argument as to which is more important, class or gender, and can thus contribute to political practice that addresses both (class-based) exploitation and (gender-based) oppression, including the issue of the gendered oppression within capitalist workplaces that is the focus of the #MeToo movement.
- B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches