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Atlanta Marriott Marquis, International 8
American Economic Association
Bringing Economic Research into Public Policy Discussions
Friday, Jan. 4, 2019 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM
- Chair: Jay Shambaugh, George Washington University and Brookings Institution
Reforming Non-competes to Support Workers
AbstractThis report describes evidence from empirical research on non-compete agreements and recommends policies to balance the interests of firms and workers. Firms use non-competes widely in order to minimize recruiting costs, safeguard investments, and protect intellectual property more easily than is achieved via non-disclosure agreements. But these benefits come at a cost to workers, whose career flexibility is compromised—often without their informed consent.
Public Investments in Child Care
AbstractChild care is a necessity for working women with young children. Yet, the costs of high-quality center-based child care in the United States—particularly for children under age five—are prohibitively high for many families. In this proposal, I describe a multifaceted approach to child-care policy that reduces the financial burden of child care, encourages maternal employment, and supports child development. I propose to replace existing federal child-care tax policies with a single refundable federal child-care tax credit that is more generous to lower-income families and families with children under the age of five. To address child care quality, I propose investments in Quality Rating and Improvement Systems and in expansion of universal preschool for four-year-olds. State and local governments could pursue these investments on their own or with federal assistance.
George Washington University and Brookings Institution
- J0 - General
- H0 - General