Understanding Gender Differences in Leadership
AbstractUsing data from a large-scale field experiment, we show that while there is no gender
difference in the willingness to make risky decisions on behalf of a group in a sample of
children, a large gap emerges in a sample of adolescents. The proportion of girls who
exhibit leadership willingness drops by 39% going from childhood to adolescence. We
explore the possible factors behind this drop and find that it is largely associated with
a dramatic decline in “social confidence”, measured by the willingness to perform a real
effort task in public.