Gender Issues in Economics
Friday, Jan. 5, 2018 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM
- Chair: Justin Wolfers, University of Michigan
Gender Stereotyping in Academia: Evidence From Economics Job Market Rumors Forum
AbstractStereotyping, the process of ascribing characteristics based on group membership, can exaggerate the contrast between in-group and out-group and foster an unwelcoming atmosphere. This paper examines the existence and extent of gender stereotyping on Economics Job Market Rumors, an anonymous online forum with academic and professional purposes. First, I use a Lasso Logistic model to directly capture the gender stereotyped language. Discussions about women tend to focus more on physical appearance or family information, whereas discussions about men are more on their academic or professional aspects. The topic analysis provides further evidence on this finding from a more aggregate perspective. In addition, I develop an econometric framework to study gender stereotyping in the dynamics of a conversation. I find that there is a significantly stronger deviation from an Academic/Professional focus when there is a prior mention of women; in contrast, the deviation from a Personal/Physical topic is stronger if the prior post is about men rather than women. Last, female economists tend to receive more attention online than their male counterparts, a pattern that further emphasizes the need to reduce stereotyping and maintain an inclusive environment.
Gender and Racial Diversity in Economics Textbooks
AbstractWe examine the text of leading principles and intermediate economics textbooks to assess how gender and race are represented. Authors make decisions regarding pronouns, real-life examples, and fictionalized accounts that lead to texts being tilted toward a white male representation of economics. We first count the use of pronouns and show that male pronouns occur more than twice as often as female pronouns in many texts. We then examine the role that men and women play in various examples, to assess how often these examples are grounded in traditional gender stereotypes. Finally, we assess the names in the texts using established methods of assigning probabilistic race to various characters. This assignment is used both to consider the mix of racially diverse examples and to assess whether the examples involve racial stereotypes, such as white male businessmen and black male athletes.
What Can UWE Do for Economics?
AbstractMen outnumber women as undergraduate economics majors by three to one nationwide. Even at the best research universities and liberal arts colleges men outnumber women by two to one or more. The Undergraduate Women in Economics Challenge was begun in 2015 as an RCT with 20 treatment schools and at least 30 control schools to evaluate whether better course information, mentoring, encouragement, career counseling, and more relevant instructional content could move the needle. Although the RCT is still in the field, results from several within treatment-school randomized trials demonstrate that uncomplicated and inexpensive interventions can substantially increase the interest of women to major in economics.
- A1 - General Economics