Care, Time Use and Work
Saturday, Jan. 6, 2018 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM
- Chair: Elissa Braunstein, Colorado State University
Reproductive Labor in a Participatory Economy
AbstractThe vision or model of a desirable alternative to capitalism called a “participatory economy” has been proposed, compared to other post-capitalist visions, criticized, and defended for over twenty-five years. However, proponents have written little about how reproductive activity might be organized, carried out, and compensated in such an economy. This article spells out how reproductive or caring labor might be organized, carried out, and compensated in a participatory economy, and discusses the pros and cons of some different options.
The Time and Consumption Poverty of Employed Individuals in Ghana
AbstractThis study presents the application to the case of Ghana of a methodology for a two-dimensional poverty measure that takes both necessary consumption as well as the required household production needed to achieve a minimum living standard into account. The official poverty lines in Ghana and other countries assume that all households and individuals have enough time to adequately attend to the needs of household members. However, some individuals may not have sufficient time and they thus experience "time deficits." If a household experiencing a time deficit cannot afford to cover it by buying market substitutes (e.g., hiring a care provider), that household will enjoy a standard of living below that supposedly reflected in the official poverty measures. We show results of our estimates of the Levy Institute Measure of Time and Consumption Poverty (LIMTCP) for working individuals in Ghana, as well as the results of an employment simulation for individuals in poor households.
Social Disadvantage and Child Health Among China's Rural-urban Migrant Households
AbstractThis study uses migrant household survey data from 2008 and 2009 to examine how social disadvantage among rural-urban migrant households affects the nutritional status of children who migrate with their parents and those who are left behind. Results indicate that China’s hukou system of household registration – designed to limit domestic migration flows by denying public services in cities to residents with rural hukou – has a negative and statistically significant effect on children’s weight-for-age Z-scores, even after controlling for a full set of socioeconomic status indicators and household characteristics. The hukou effect does not impact children’s height-for-age Z-scores (an indicator of longer-term nutritional status), suggesting that rural-urban households are resilient in the longer term. Tests for gender-based discrimination indicate that children in female-headed households do not appear to suffer from any nutritional penalty relative to children in households headed by men, while girl children do exhibit poorer nutritional status compared to boy children.
- J1 - Demographic Economics
- B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches