Solidarity and Sustainability: Full Employment, Inclusion, and Social Justice
Friday, Jan. 5, 2018 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM
- Chair: Michael J. Murray, Bemidji State University
On The Reservation: Toward a Job Guarantee Program For American Indian Nations
AbstractThe paper proposes a Job Guarantee program for residents of American Indian reservations to combat chronic poverty and unemployment. The paper furthers research on the racial wealth and employment gap; and serves as a case-study on the social costs of unemployment and the moral necessity of full employment. The paper details the social and economic injustice laid upon American Indians caused by 200 years of U.S. policy geared toward assimilation, termination, and acculturation. This history contextualizes the failing, pro-capitalist, Euro-centric policies of today which struggle to combat chronic poverty and lasting unemployment. Instead these mainstream policies further encroach on American Indian sovereignty and fail to address the structural, spatial barriers to economic mobility. The article makes a case for a new progressive approach to development that centers on the non-profit nature of Job Guarantee proposals to sustain economic growth, enrich cultural development, and strengthen American Indian sovereignty.
Full Employment and the Job Guarantee: An All-American Tradition
AbstractAbstract to be confirmed
A Job Guarantee for Tunisia: Undoing Decades of Colonialism, Neoliberalism, and Exclusion
AbstractThe 2011 uprisings in Tunisia marked the beginning of structural transformation that was quickly halted by a neoliberal counterrevolution. The 2011 protesters demanded "jobs, freedom, and dignity." However, after the overthrow of the Ben Ali regime, the public discourse was limited to a set of very important, but incomplete, debates. Democratic elections, freedom of speech, the role of religion in society, women's rights, human rights, security and justice system reforms, labor disputes, etc. have, deservingly, occupied center stage in the public discourse. Yet, the very same neoliberal economic structures that have produced mass unemployment, poverty, exploitation, inequality, and socioeconomic exclusion have remained unquestioned by all the major political parties. This paper aims at shifting the public policy discourse from one based on the standard neoclassical economic growth model (FDI, exports, tourism, remittances, and privatization of SOEs) to a discourse based on a Job Guarantee program to address the root causes of Tunisia's economic deficiencies. The paper will argue that a JG program focused on green energy production, sustainable agriculture, sustainable architecture and design, ecotourism, and youth community empowerment is an effective way to satisfy the demands of the protesters, consolidate the democratic gains, and ensure a more equitable, just, and sustainable economic system.
A Black Perspective on Canada’s Third Sector: Case Studies on Women Leaders in the Social Economy
AbstractThe contributions of Black people in Canada’s social economy have been ignored or forgotten. While Black Canadian women are innovating in third sector, the social economy contributions of Black people remain largely unnoticed in the academic literature. The social economy is a place of refuge for African- Canadians, and also provides a way for marginalized communities to co-opt resources. In fact, it is systemic bias and racism in the Canadian economy and society that drive racialized Canadians to be active in the social economy. To understand the social economy among racialized people, it is important to see that Black and racialized people are not merely on the receiving end of aid and support, but that they lead and work within the social services sector. This paper uses liberation theory focused on ideas of self-help in analyzing the work of five Black women who are leading nonprofit organizations that re ach thousands of people in Toronto. This study confronts the erasure of Black women, and introduces the need to link liberation theorizing with the social economy if we are to truly understand what the social economy means for Black and racialized people. Key words: African-Canadian women, Third sector, social economy, nonprofit organizations, social enterprises, bell hooks, Black women, Toronto, case studies, Du Bois, Black feminism, Black liberation
- B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches