Gender Inequality Redux
Sunday, Jan. 8, 2017 1:00 PM – 3:00 PM
- Chair: Randy Albelda, University of Massachusetts-Boston
Economic Factors and Mental Health: A Gender Analysis for the United States
AbstractEconomic Factors and Mental Health: A Gender Analysis for the United States
Does Classroom Gender Composition Affect School Dropout?
AbstractDoes Classroom Gender Composition Affect School Dropout?
Conforming to or Defying Gender Stereotypes? Empathy versus Financial Nudging in Environmental Context
AbstractEnvironmental policy traditionally relies on financial incentives and direct regulation to achieve desirable outcomes in terms of conservation and pro-environmental behavior. Empirical research has shown that market based approaches are more cost-effective than direct regulation. However, experimental research has demonstrated that a combination of financial and non-financial incentives (specifically empathy nudging) is, on average, even more effective than a financial nudge, or empathy nudge, individually. The current study looks at environmental policy, specifically financial and empathy nudging, in the agricultural context. The increase of the number of farms headed by females raises the question whether previous findings of the effectiveness of these nudges are gender specific or gender neutral. We investigate this question using data from a framed laboratory experiment in the context of farmers’ conservation behavior. Specifically, we compare the change in conservation efforts of females and males in response to financial incentives and empathy nudging applied separately and at the same time. Our findings show that both females and males are moderately affected by financial nudges, but only females are affected by empathy nudges separately. The combination of both nudges is economically and statistically significantly higher than each nudge individually, and substantially higher for females than for males. This implies that policy makers could increase the effectiveness of environmental policy by accounting for these gender specific differences in the policy design.
- B5 - Current Heterodox Approaches