JEL Classification Codes Guide

The information on these pages is to provide helpful reference information and guidelines about the JEL Classification System and EconLit Subject Descriptors.

You can drill down to the more detailed secondary level of classifications by clicking on the JEL code links (for example, A3, H7); these contain more descriptive guidelines, keywords, and also examples of items with that specific classification.

A General Economics and Teaching
B History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches
C Mathematical and Quantitative Methods
D Microeconomics
E Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics
F International Economics
G Financial Economics
H Public Economics
I Health, Education, and Welfare
J Labor and Demographic Economics
K Law and Economics
L Industrial Organization
M Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting
N Economic History
O Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth
P Economic Systems
Q Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
R Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics
Y Miscellaneous Categories
Z Other Special Topics
M Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting
Guideline:Covers studies about issues related to these various subjects studied in this sister discipline. There are not many studies conducted by economists and classified under the categories given below except for those in M5 and a select few, including M21.
M00 General
M000 Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting: General
Guideline: Covers studies about general issues related to business administration, business economics, marketing, accounting and personnel economics.