JEL Classification Codes Guide

The information on these pages is to provide helpful reference information and guidelines about the JEL Classification System and EconLit Subject Descriptors.

You can drill down to the more detailed secondary level of classifications by clicking on the JEL code links (for example, A3, H7); these contain more descriptive guidelines, keywords, and also examples of items with that specific classification.

A General Economics and Teaching
B History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches
C Mathematical and Quantitative Methods
D Microeconomics
E Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics
F International Economics
G Financial Economics
H Public Economics
I Health, Education, and Welfare
J Labor and Demographic Economics
K Law and Economics
L Industrial Organization
M Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics
N Economic History
O Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth
P Economic Systems
Q Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
R Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics
Y Miscellaneous Categories
Z Other Special Topics
G Financial Economics
Guideline:Covers studies about issues related to various sub-fields in financial economics: general financial markets (both domestic and international) dealing with securities (stocks, bonds, and commodity and other futures); financial institutions and services; and corporate finance and governance. Studies should be cross-classified under the appropriate microeconomic categories if they are based on microeconomic models. Financial economic studies in the context of economic development should be cross-classified here and under O16; those studies related to socialist and transitional economies should be cross-classified here and under P34; and those studies related to other economic systems should be cross-classified here and under P43.
G00 General
G000 Financial Economics: General
Guideline: Covers studies about general issues covered in financial economics, including textbooks, survey articles, and data. Studies about financial intermediation in general are also classified here.