JEL Classification Codes Guide

The guide provides JEL Code application guidelines, keywords, and examples of items within each classification.

The "JEL" classification system originated with the Journal of Economic Literature and is a standard method of classifying scholarly literature in the field of economics. It is used in many of the AEA's published research materials.

Use the guide to gain insight on how JEL Codes are used to classify articles, dissertations, books, book reviews, and working papers. You will also find it is helpful when adding classification codes to your own work.

Click here for printer-friendly formats of the JEL Classification System.

A General Economics and Teaching
B History of Economic Thought, Methodology, and Heterodox Approaches
C Mathematical and Quantitative Methods
D Microeconomics
E Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics
F International Economics
G Financial Economics
H Public Economics
I Health, Education, and Welfare
J Labor and Demographic Economics
K Law and Economics
L Industrial Organization
M Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics
N Economic History
O Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth
P Political Economy and Comparative Economic Systems
Q Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
R Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics
Y Miscellaneous Categories
Z Other Special Topics
G Financial Economics
Guideline:Covers studies about issues related to various sub-fields in financial economics: general financial markets (both domestic and international) dealing with securities (stocks, bonds, and commodity and other futures); financial institutions and services; and corporate finance and governance. Studies should be cross-classified under the appropriate microeconomic categories if they are based on microeconomic models. Financial economic studies in the context of economic development should be cross-classified here and under O16; those studies related to socialist and transitional economies should be cross-classified here and under P34; and those studies related to other economic systems should be cross-classified here and under P43.
G00 General
G000 Financial Economics: General
Guideline: Covers studies about general issues covered in financial economics, including textbooks, survey articles, and data. Studies about financial intermediation in general are also classified here.