Microeconomics Studies in Development
Saturday, Jan. 7, 2023 2:30 PM - 4:30 PM (CST)
- Chair: Kira M. Villa, University of New Mexico
Long-term Impacts of Exposure to Natural Disasters during Childhood and Adolescence: Evidence from Indonesia
AbstractIndonesia is one of the disaster-prone countries. In order to understand the long-term impacts of exposure to natural disasters during childhood and adolescence, we examine the effects of different age exposure to natural disasters on individual well-being outcomes. Using longitudinal individual-level data from large-scale household surveys, together with spatial measures of disasters obtained from the National Centers for Environmental Information at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. Geological Survey’s Advanced National Seismic System Comprehensive Earthquake Catalog, we fully measure the outcomes with physical health, years of education, and the ages of first entering the labor market, marriage and especially for women, the ages of firstborn. Our results show that the different period of exposure has various impacts on individual well-being outcomes. The age of 11 to 15 exposure is affecting the socioeconomic status. Gender difference exists by exposure to natural disasters. Our results contribute to the literature that adolescence is another essential period for human capital formation. Policies should aim to this group during shocks to mitigate the negative impacts.
Why Programs Fail: Lessons for Improving Public Service Quality from a Mixed-Methods Evaluation of an Unsuccessful Teacher Training Program in Nepal
AbstractUsing a randomized control trial embedded within a mixed-methods evaluation, we find that an at-scale government training program for teachers of secondary math and science, of a common but seldom-evaluated form, has little or no impact on student learning. We then document five challenges that the policy’s design failed to address: school-level difficulties in releasing teachers for training (due to lack of substitute teachers), inadequate oversight of training sessions, deficits in teachers’ subject knowledge, deficits in teachers’ post-training accountability and support, and deficits in the subject knowledge that students bring from earlier grades. We discuss implications for the literatures on teacher training program design and on good governance for public service provision.
Digital Training for Micro-Entrepreneurs: Experimental Evidence from Guatemala
AbstractPrevious literature has shown small and even null impacts of in-person business training on micro-entrepreneurs' profits in developing countries. However, few papers have previously studied the impact of formal digital training programs. We partner up with a multinational corporation and conduct a field experiment involving the franchise stores of a food retail chain in Guatemala, most of which are owned by women, to measure the impact of a high-quality digital training program for micro-entrepreneurs. Our paper tests for impacts on business knowledge, objective business practices, and business actual sales. Our analysis sheds light on the mechanisms determining digital training effectiveness in developing countries, including broadband internet access, gender, initial profitability, and experience in the business sector.
- I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
- I2 - Education and Research Institutions