Two recent movies that received critical-acclaim and dealt with important economic issues are "I, Daniel Blake" and "Sorry to Bother You".
"I, Daniel Blake" is a British movie which depicts the terrible consequences of austerity and welfare cuts. Although at times a bit didactic, it is a moving account of the adverse impact of austerity. It does a good job of capturing structural problems inherent in the economy. There is a scene where there is workshop on CV writing and how to set yourself apart from other job applicants, and the instructor tells them "For every barista opening at Costa, there are 15 applicants" and the lead character, Daniel Blake, says "So if there aren't enough jobs, then what's even the point of this" (am paraphrasing, don't remember the exact dialogue). It can also be used to talk about the unintended effects of government policies. To become eligible for a certain benefit, Daniel needs to apply to at least five jobs, and credibly show he put an effort into it. But his doctor has told him that he is physically unfit to work. He goes about handing out CVs and going to interviews, only to have to turn them down, wasting everyone's time in the process.
"Sorry to Bother You" is an American dark-comedy and one of the few films that tackle organizing and unionizing in the workplace. It does a good job of presenting the prisoner's dilemma. If the workers unite, they can get a good deal from management, but the workers can be tempted to defect by bosses (a combination of coercion and rewards). The trailer does not do justice to how amazing this movie really is.