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Sept 15 -- The U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), Department of Energy (DOE) invites public comment on the proposed three-year extension, with changes, to the Natural Gas Data Collection Program, OMB Control Number 1905–0175, as required under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. The surveys covered by this request include; Form EIA–176, Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition; Form EIA–191, Monthly Underground Natural Gas Storage Report; Form EIA–191L, Monthly Liquefied Natural Gas Storage Report; Form EIA–757, Natural Gas Processing Plant Survey; Form EIA–857, Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers; Form EIA–910, Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey; and Form EIA–912, Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report. The Natural Gas Data Collection Program provides information on natural gas storage, supply, processing, distribution, consumption, and prices, by sector, within the United States. EIA must receive all comments on this proposed information collection no later than November 13, 2023.

The surveys included in the Natural Gas Data Collection Program collect information on natural gas underground storage, supply, processing, transmission, distribution, consumption by sector, and consumer prices. The data collected supports public policy analyses and produces estimates of the natural gas industry. The statistics generated from these surveys are published on EIA's website, https://www.eia.gov, and are used in various EIA information products, including the Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report (WNGSR), Natural Gas Monthly (NGM), Natural Gas Annual (NGA), Monthly Energy Review (MER), Short-Term Energy Outlook (STEO), and Annual Energy Outlook (AEO).
 
Proposed Changes to Information Collection:

Form EIA–176, Annual Report of Natural and Supplemental Gas Supply and Disposition -- Form EIA–176 collects data on natural, synthetic, and other supplemental gas supplies, their disposition, and certain revenues by state. During the previous collection package, EIA modified the survey instructions to include Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) producers who inject high-Btu RNG into an interstate pipeline, intra-state pipeline, or natural gas distribution company system. As such, EIA requests an increase in respondent count and burden to accommodate additions of new respondents to the survey frame.

Form EIA–757, Natural Gas Processing Plant Survey -- Form EIA–757 collects information on the capacity, status, and operations of natural gas processing plants, and monitors their constraints to natural gas supplies during catastrophic events, such as hurricanes. Schedule A of Form EIA–757 collects baseline operating and capacity information from all respondents on a triennial basis or less frequently. Schedule B is used on an emergency standby basis and is activated during natural disasters or other energy disruptive events. Schedule B collects data from a sample of respondents in the affected areas.

EIA proposes to discontinue collection of Form EIA–757 Schedule A, and burden hours have been adjusted downward accordingly. As part of the Terms of Clearance of the package prior to this, EIA has investigated potential consolidation of the EIA–757 Schedule A survey with another, more frequent natural gas processing plant survey, the EIA–64A Survey (OMB number 1905–0057). As a result of this research, EIA proposes that the EIA–64A Survey will absorb several key data items from the EIA–757 Schedule A Survey in order to reduce overall respondent burden and eliminate duplicative data collection efforts. This resolves the prior Terms of Clearance.

EIA–757 Schedule B, which is a standby survey, is active in instances of a natural disaster or incident resulting in widespread closures of natural gas processing plants. However, since the agency has not elected to activate the survey at any point in the last six years (two clearance cycles), EIA is reducing the requested burden hours by 50% to allow an activation once every three years, rather than twice every three years.

Form EIA–857, Monthly Report of Natural Gas Purchases and Deliveries to Consumers -- Form EIA–857 collects data on the quantity and cost of natural gas delivered to distribution systems and the quantity and revenue of natural gas delivered to consumers by end-use sector, on a monthly basis by state. EIA is increasing the requested burden to accommodate increased sample coverage, parallel to the increased scope of the EIA–176, the universe from which this survey's sample is drawn.

Form EIA–912, Weekly Natural Gas Storage Report -- Form EIA–912 collects information on weekly inventories of natural gas in underground storage facilities. EIA is slightly decreasing the requested burden to more accurately reflect demonstrated sample sizes over the past six years.

Forms EIA–191, Monthly Underground Natural Gas Storage Report, EIA–191L, Monthly Underground Natural Gas Storage Report, and EIA–910, Monthly Natural Gas Marketer Survey, Have No Changes
 
EIA Natural Gas Data Collection: https://www.eia.gov/naturalgas/
Current forms and instructions: https://www.eia.gov/​survey/​
FRN: https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2023-19929

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