Aug 4 -- The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) seeks public comment on the proposed themes and framework of the First National Nature Assessment. Based on input received from this notice, USGCRP will begin the next phases of assessment development. Comments must be submitted by 11:59 p.m. on September 18, 2023.
The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) was created by Congress in 1990 to “assist the Nation and the world to understand, assess, predict, and respond to human-induced and natural processes of global change.” USGCRP comprises 14 Federal agencies that work together to carry out its legislative mandate. USGCRP is conducting the First National Nature Assessment (NNA1) to assess changes in nature as an aspect of global change. With this notice, the United States Department of the Interior, on behalf of the USGCRP, seeks public comment on a prospectus for NNA1.
The scope of NNA1 is to assess the status, observed trends, and future projections of America's lands, waters, wildlife, biodiversity, and ecosystems and the benefits they provide, including connections to the economy, public health, equity, climate mitigation and adaptation, and national security.
In developing NNA1, USGCRP will follow the principles of a use-inspired, knowledge-informed assessment, in which the design is driven both by the potential uses of the final products and by science and other forms of knowledge. USGCRP recognizes the importance of lived experiences and acknowledges Indigenous Knowledge as an important form of evidence. . . .
Striving for a use-inspired and knowledge-informed assessment, USGCRP initiated NNA1 with requests for input. . . . Over 3,000 comments were received online and through the engagement and Consultation sessions.
The Federal Steering Committee overseeing the development of NNA1 considered this public and Tribal input when developing the proposed elements of the assessment described below. . . . The NNA1 will assess the state of knowledge regarding the status, observed trends, and future projections of nature in the United States and the consequences of those changes including shifts in the benefits that nature provides. . . .
The core product of NNA1 will be a use-inspired, knowledge-driven report that addresses a diverse set of questions received via public and Tribal input. . . . The questions included in the report will be addressed in a manner that meets specific Federal guidelines for information quality, information tracking, and technical development required of a Highly Influential Scientific Assessment. . . .
The NNA1 report is currently planned to be organized around key thematic interests identified through federal agency, public, and Tribal engagement efforts. Those themes are (in alphabetical order):
-- Conservation and Natural Resource Management
-- Economic Interests
-- Human Health and Well-Being
-- Safety and Security
. . . Federal agency, public, and Tribal input identified two cross-cutting areas that are woven throughout the other proposed themes for the NNA1 report:
-- Climate Change
To help reinforce the principle of being use-inspired, the proposed assessment would include presentation of themes through the lens of different user groups. In doing so, the technical results will be put into contexts and products that are relevant for diverse audiences.
A call for author nominations will be posted in a subsequent Federal Register notice. Authors will be tasked with assessing the state of knowledge, considering relevant aspects of historical trends, drivers of change, current status, and future projections, and the implications of those changes. Teams may assess technical information or scenarios on policy options to reverse declining trends in nature or the benefits that nature provides. Author teams will also seek to evaluate relevant regional variation in geography, climate, biodiversity, and culture, as well as other varying conditions that might be relevant to a scientific assessment.
In addition to a report, USGCRP will aim to develop other science and communication products that are responsive to user interests expressed through public, Tribal, and agency input. Outputs may include, but are not limited to, data dashboards, maps, graphics, indicators, user-specific summaries, and other communication materials. . . .
Conservation and Natural Resource Management
Public, Tribal, and agency input highlighted the importance of sustainable conservation and management of biodiversity, natural resources, and ecosystems to ensure their long-term preservation and protection for their own sake and for the benefit of present and future generations. USGCRP proposes to address a subset of focal questions related to these interests, such as:
-- What are the existing status, trends, and drivers of change affecting species and ecosystems in the U.S., and what are important areas for representative biodiversity across U.S. lands and waters?
-- How have access to nature and to associated benefits changed, and for whom?
-- How have culturally significant species and ecosystems changed, and what are future options for sustaining them?
-- How would future investments in conservation or restoration affect nature, equitable access to nature's benefits, and climate mitigation and adaptation?
Public, Tribal, and agency input raised interest in economic activities, infrastructure, and employment that are directly or indirectly related to nature. Within this theme, the report would explore how changes in nature affect economic benefits, risks, and opportunities. USGCRP proposes to address a subset of focal questions related to these interests, such as:
-- How many jobs are dependent on nature, and how have changes in nature affected jobs and livelihoods, and for whom?
-- What aspects of the U.S. economy are connected to the status and trends of nature, and what future options for advancing the economy could provide net benefits to nature and the climate?
-- Where could future infrastructure and economic development advance with the most benefit and least harm to nature and nature's benefits?
Human Health and Well-Being
Public, Tribal, and agency input emphasized the connections between changes in nature and human health and well-being, including links to physical health, mental health, and social health and well-being. USGCRP proposes to address a subset of focal questions related to these interests, such as:
-- How have changes in nature affected physical, mental, and public health, as well as the equity of health risks and benefits?
-- What are emerging health effects from changes in nature?
-- What are future nature-based options to reduce health risks and enhance benefits for all people?
Safety and Security
Public, Tribal, and agency input highlighted issues related to ways in which changes in nature impact aspects of domestic safety and security. Topics of interest included changes in nature, such as increased frequency and intensity of natural hazards, desertification, changes in populations of pests and disease, loss of arable land, and other changes in nature that affect food and water security, and that directly or indirectly influence public safety and patterns of human behavior and movements. USGCRP proposes to address a subset of questions related to these interests, such as:
-- What losses from natural and environmental hazards (e.g., loss of life, loss of livelihoods and economic productivity, damage to homes or infrastructure, loss of educational opportunities, damage to or loss of natural and cultural resources) have been averted by nature (e.g., protected areas, green and blue infrastructure, restored areas) over time, and for whom? Where and how much can nature-based solutions equitably reduce future risk from natural and environmental hazards?
-- How have trends and spatial patterns in nature affected food and water security, and for whom? What are opportunities for nature-based solutions to avert emerging food and water security risks?
-- Where might changes in nature and climate cause people within the United States to migrate from their current locations, and where might they go? What nature- or natural resource-related risks and opportunities are they likely to face when they relocate?
Public, Tribal, and agency input emphasized the strong interactions between changes in nature, nature's benefits, and the climate. Each of the four themes described above interacts with the climate. USGCRP proposes to synthesize and analyze climate-related opportunities and impacts across the four NNA1 themes by considering the relevant role of climate as a driver when assessing past trends in nature, including projected climate changes in answering questions about the future of nature, and answering the specific questions about interactions between nature and climate embedded in the themes above.
Public, Tribal and agency input highlighted the importance of environmental justice, inclusive decision-making, and equal access to nature and nature's benefits. The four NNA1 themes each include questions that address aspects of equity and the fair and just distribution of nature's benefits. USGCRP proposes to synthesize the impacts of changes in nature to equity and assess how changes in nature across the NNA1 themes impact the well-being and opportunities for all members of society.
In developing this report, USGCRP proposes to reflect and follow several recommendations received through the engagement process. The Federal Steering Committee developing NNA1 recognizes the importance and value of co-production, acknowledges the need to balance a co-production intent with the current institutional and resource constraints, strives to apply the concept of bridging knowledge systems—maintaining the integrity of different knowledge systems while weaving them together—and aims to create equitable space for all knowledge systems and knowledge holders. In doing so, USGCRP will respect the rights, values, and knowledge held by Indigenous and local communities.
In addition to a use-inspired, knowledge-informed NNA1 report, input from the public, Tribes, and agencies emphasized the need for an array of products associated with NNA1. Public and Tribal input emphasized the diversity of perspectives that people hold on nature and the impact of nature on their lives. The comments requested that USGCRP reflect that diversity, and as much as possible, do so in the voices of people themselves. In response to this input, USGCRP will explore the feasibility of video-based products related to the scope of NNA1. Video-based products would allow people from various perspectives to share their stories and reactions to questions such as: why is nature important to me, how is nature changing, and why does this matter?
USGCRP will also explore development of special issues of peer-reviewed journals and publication of technical reports on specific topics, with the intent that these efforts address additional questions received through the engagement process, close research gaps, strengthen individual aspects of the available knowledge base, and potentially serve as inputs to NNA1. For example, one such journal special issue recommended through Tribal Consultation is an Indigenous-led volume that explores perspectives of Indigenous Knowledge holders and scholars relevant to the scope of NNA1. A technical report with a focus on nature literacy relevant to the scope of NNA1 has also been recommended.
We seek public input on all aspects of the proposed NNA1.
USGCRP Open Notice: https://www.globalchange.gov/content/call-public-comment-draft-prospectus-first-national-nature-assessment-0