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Jan 27 -- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), invites comments to OMB by February 27, 2023 regarding the National Disease Surveillance Program—II. Disease Summaries information collection. This collection is used to determine the prevalence of disease and for planning and evaluating programs for prevention and control of infectious diseases.

CDC requests a three year approval for the Reinstatement of the National Disease Surveillance Program II. Disease Summaries information collection. As with the previous approval, these data are essential for measuring trends in diseases, evaluating the effectiveness of current preventive strategies, and determining the need to modify current preventive measures.

Diseases included in this surveillance program are Influenza Virus, Caliciviruses, Respiratory and Enteric Viruses, Arthropod-Borne Diseases, Parechoviruses and Enteroviruses. The proposed Reinstatement with Change includes eight influenza forms, Suspect Respiratory Virus Patient Form, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS) Patient Under Investigation (PUI) Form, Viral Gastroenteritis Outbreak Submission Form, National Respiratory and Enteric Virus Surveillance System (NREVSS) Laboratory Assessment, and National Enterovirus Surveillance Report. These forms have minor edits with minor burden change from last OMB approval.

Additionally, CDC requests the use of four new forms, Aggregate case counts of persons exposed to Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI), Pediatric Hepatitis of Unknown Etiology Medical Record Abstraction Short Form, Pediatric Hepatitis of Unknown Etiology Medical Record Abstraction Form (CRF) and Arthropod (Vector)-Borne Diseases (Non-Human Data). The data from the new forms will enable rapid detection and characterization of outbreaks of known pathogens, as well as potential newly emerging viral pathogens.
 
State and Territorial Epidemiologists are responsible for the collection, interpretation, and transmission of medical and epidemiologic information at the state level. State Health Departments submit the disease summaries to CDC and CDC tabulates, analyzes the data for trends, publishes, and distributes within the health community. By coordinating nationwide collection of epidemiological data, CDC is able to calculate annual between state comparisons of diseases covered under this request.
 
National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System (NNDSS): https://www.cdc.gov/nndss/index.html
CDC submission to OMB: https://www.reginfo.gov/public/do/PRAViewICR?ref_nbr=202301-0920-009 Click IC List for information collection instrument, View Supporting Statement for technical documentation. Submit comments through this webpage.
FRN: https://www.federalregister.gov/d/2023-01667

For AEA members wishing to submit comments, "A Primer on How to Respond to Calls for Comment on Federal Data Collections" is available at https://www.aeaweb.org/content/file?id=5806

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