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OSTP blog: Technologies for American Innovation and National Security
Today, the United States is releasing an updated list of critical and emerging technologies (CETs) that can play an important role in our nation’s security. Last updated in 2020, this list represents a subset of novel, advanced technologies with the potential to chart new pathways in American innovation and strengthen our national security.

The 2021 Interim National Security Strategic Guidance defines three national security objectives: (1) protect the security of the American people; (2) expand economic prosperity and opportunity; and (3) realize and defend democratic values. The 2021 CET list identifies the technology areas that currently hold the greatest potential to further those objectives in the future – and, for the first time, it also includes several specific subfields under each technology area.

This list will be a useful resource that guides new and existing efforts to promote U.S. technological leadership, cooperate with allies and partners, advance democratic values, attract and retain diverse science and technology talent from around the world, and protect against threats to U.S. security.
Report: Critical and Emerging Technologies List Update
Critical and emerging technologies (CETs) are a subset of advanced technologies that are potentially significant to U.S. national security. The 2021 Interim National Security Strategic Guidance defines three national security objectives: protect the security of the American people, expand economic prosperity and opportunity, and realize and defend democratic values. This list identifies CETs with the potential to further these objectives and  builds on the October 2020 National Strategy for Critical and Emerging Technologies, which contains an initial list of priority CETs. This updated document expands upon that original CET list by identifying subfields for each CET with a focus, where possible, on core technologies rather than on technology application areas or performance characteristics. . . .
Although not a strategy itself, this updated CET list will inform a forthcoming strategy on U.S. technological competitiveness and national security. This list may also inform future efforts to prioritize across CETs and their component subfields; however, this list should not be interpreted as a priority list for either policy development or funding. Instead, this list should be used as a resource to: inform future efforts that promote U.S. technological leadership; cooperate with allies and partners to advance and maintain shared technological advantages; develop, design, govern, and use CETs that yield tangible benefits for society and are aligned with democratic values; and develop U.S. Government measures that respond to threats against U.S. security. Departments and agencies may consult this CET list when developing, for example, initiatives to research and develop technologies that support national security missions, compete for international talent, and protect sensitive technology from misappropriation and misuse. . . .

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