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August 27 -- The U.S. Census Bureau invites public comments by October 26, 2021 on the proposed design of the 2022 Economic Census, including data collection forms by sector.
 
The Economic Census is the U.S. Government's most comprehensive five-year measure of American business and the economy. It features the primary source of facts about the structure and functioning of the Nation's economy, comprised of the 50 states, offshore areas, and the District of Columbia (collectively referred to as Stateside) as well as Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and American Samoa, (collectively referred to as Island Areas) and features unique industry and geographic detail. Economic Census statistics serve as part of the framework for the national accounts and provide essential information for government, business, and the public.

The 2022 Economic Census, both Stateside and Island Areas, covering the Agriculture; Mining; Utilities; Construction; Manufacturing; Wholesale Trade; Retail Trade; Transportation and Warehousing; Information; Finance and Insurance; Real Estate and Rental and Leasing; Professional, Scientific and Technical Services; Management of Companies and Enterprises; Administrative and Support and Waste Management and Remediation Services; Educational Services; Health Care and Social Assistance; Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation; Accommodation and Food Services; Other Services (except Public Administration) Sectors (as defined by the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS)) will measure the economic activity of nearly 8 million employer establishments. The inclusion of the Agriculture sector is new for the 2022 Economic Census and will account for Agriculture Support Activities, NAICS Industry Groups 1151 and 1152 only.  
 
The information collected from establishments in these sectors of the economic census will produce basic statistics by industry for number of establishments, value of shipments/receipts/revenue/sales, payroll, and employment. It will also yield a variety of industry-specific statistics, including materials consumed, detailed supplies and fuels consumed, electric energy consumed, depreciable assets, selected purchased services, inventories, capital expenditures, value of shipments/receipts/revenue/sales by product line as defined by the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS), type of operation, size of establishments, and other industry-specific measures.
 
Establishments in the Economic Census will be selected from the Census Bureau's Business Register. The Census Bureau's Business Register provides a current and comprehensive database of U.S. business establishments and companies for statistical program use. To be eligible for selection, an establishment will be required to satisfy the following conditions: (i) It must be classified in one of the sectors listed above; (ii) it must be an active operating establishment of a multi-establishment firm (i.e., a firm that operates at more than one physical location), or it must be a single-establishment firm (i.e., a firm operating at only one physical location) with payroll; and (iii) it must be located in one of the 50 states, offshore areas, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or American Samoa. The sampling procedure will distinguish the following groups of establishments for collection:

1. Establishments of Multi-Establishment Firms -- Selection procedures will assign all active establishments of multi-establishment firms to the mail component of the universe, except for those in industries classified as consolidated reporters. In these selected industries, where activities are not easily attributable to individual locations or establishments, firms will be asked to report their basic data for several establishments at a nation-wide level on an electronic consolidated report path(s).

2. Single-Establishment Firms With Payroll -- For the Stateside component, all single-establishment firms having 2022 payroll (from Federal administrative records) will be included in the sampling frame. We will use a NAICS-by-state stratified sample design for selecting a sample of single-establishment firms. The largest single-establishment firms (based on 2022 payroll) will be selected with certainty. Those single-establishment firms that are not selected with certainty are selected using a probability sample. Using a NAICS-by-state stratified sample should produce reliable estimates for various characteristics at detailed NAICS-by-state levels.

The remaining single-establishment firms with payroll that are not selected into the sample will be represented in the Economic Census by data from Federal administrative records, or by weighting the responses of the sampled establishments. Additionally, some of these single-establishment firms not selected into the sample may be requested to respond to a short questionnaire to verify or confirm that the establishments are classified in the correct NAICS industry.

For the Island Areas component, all single-establishment firms with payroll will be included in the Economic Census.
 
2017 Economic Census survey repository by industry: https://bhs.econ.census.gov/ombpdfs/  
2022 Economic Census content changes by 2-digit sector: https://www.dropbox.com/s/td21mbkc7k74ynb/EC%202022%20Content%20change%20summary.xlsx?dl=0
Economic Census webpage: https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/economic-census.html
FR notice inviting public comments: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2021/08/27/2021-18528/agency-information-collection-activities-submission-to-the-office-of-management-and-budget-omb-for

Point of contact: Kimberly Moore, Chief, Economy-Wide Statistics Division, U.S. Census Bureau  (301) 763-7643 kimberly.p.moore@census.gov

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