April 21 -- The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) invites public comments by June 21, 2021 on its proposed 2022 Small Business Lending Survey.
Small businesses are important to the U.S. economy and banks are important to U.S. small businesses. According to the Small Business Administration, in 2015, small businesses comprised 99.9 percent of all U.S. firms, and almost half (47.5 percent) of private-sector employment. Additionally, from 2000 to 2017, small businesses accounted for 65.9 percent of net new job creation. Given their size and the relative costs of verifying their financial conditions, many small businesses have little or no direct access to capital markets and thus are reliant on bank financing. Indeed, in their 2017 survey of small businesses, the Federal Reserve System finds that banks are the most common source of external credit for small firms. For banks, especially the many banks that primarily engage in commercial lending, small business lending is an important way that they help meet the needs of their communities.
The FDIC's Small Business Lending Survey is a nationally-representative survey of banks and their small business lending practices and activities. The survey seeks to understand how banks engage with small businesses and meet their needs, within the context of the fast changing banking industry environment. Estimated number of respondents: 2,000. The first collection of the survey in 2016 (SBLS 2016) sought to examine whether small and large banks engaged differently with small businesses, which could potentially impact small businesses given continued and ongoing banking consolidation. In 2022 the FDIC plans to deploy another Small Business Lending Survey (SBLS 2022) which will repeat some questions from the previous collection and will include new areas of study which are of current interest, in particular, banks' use of financial technology in small business lending and their experiences with the Paycheck Protection Program.
In addition, SBLS 2022 will improve upon previous quantitative questions that asked banks about their volume of commercial lending by firm size, which allowed the FDIC to assess how well Consolidated Reports of Income and Condition (commonly referred to as “Call Report”) data captures actual bank small business lending when used as a proxy measure. Using SBLS 2016 survey data, the FDIC determined that for banks in 2015 with $1 to $10 billion in assets, industry small business lending (defined as lending to firms with less than $10 million in gross annual revenue) was understated on net by approximately 23 percent when using the most common proxy measure—Call Report outstanding commercial and industrial loan balances for loans that were $1 million or less at the time of origination.
The proposed SBLS 2022 collection will cover the general topics of:
I. Underwriting and Loan Approval Processes
II. Markets, Competition, and Loan Demand
III. SBA Lending and Securitization
IV. Measurement of Bank Small Business Lending
Questions in the first three sections are comprised of qualitative questions, while the fourth set asks respondent banks to provide quantitative loan volumes. The SBLS does not duplicate existing sources of data but rather complements or provides insight into regular collections such as the Call Report.
The SBLS 2022 collection is scheduled to be in the field beginning in May 2022. The collection will be administered by the U.S. Census Bureau via a web interface. Recommendations for which bank staff to answer each section will be made to respondents in order to match the appropriate expertise to relevant questions. Because the SBLS is designed as a nationally-representative survey of banks of all sizes, including community banks, regional banks, and large nationwide banks, the survey is intended be used to make inferences for the entire industry regarding U.S. banks' small business lending activity and practices.
Prior to finalizing the SBLS 2022 survey questionnaire, the FDIC seeks to solicit public comment. Interested members of the public may review a copy of the proposed survey questionnaire on the following web page: https://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/federal/2021/sbls-2022-proposed-survey-questionnaire.pdf
2016 SBLS webpage: https://www.fdic.gov/bank/historical/sbls/
FR notice inviting public comments on 2022 SBLS: https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2021/04/21/2021-08131/agency-information-collection-activities-proposed-collection-reinstatement-comment-request