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Jan 21 -- In four executive orders addressing COVID-19, President Biden directed actions realms of health economics, including COVID health equity and the public health supply chain, system of data and analytics, and workforce:
 
1) COVID Health Equity
Executive Order on Ensuring an Equitable Pandemic Response and Recovery https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2021/01/21/executive-order-ensuring-an-equitable-pandemic-response-and-recovery/
Sec. 1 The Federal Government must take swift action to prevent and remedy differences in COVID-19 care and outcomes within communities of color and other underserved populations.
Sec. 2.  COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force.
Sec. 3.  Ensuring an Equitable Pandemic Response.
 
2) Public Health Supply Chain
Executive Order on a Sustainable Public Health Supply Chain https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2021/01/21/executive-order-a-sustainable-public-health-supply-chain/
Section 1.  Purpose.  The Federal Government must act urgently and effectively to combat the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.  To that end, this order directs immediate actions to secure supplies necessary for responding to the pandemic, so that those supplies are available, and remain available, to the Federal Government and State, local, Tribal, and territorial authorities, as well as to America‚Äôs health care workers, health systems, and patients.
Sec. 2.  Immediate Inventory of Response Supplies and Identification of Emergency Needs.  
Sec. 3.  Pricing.
 
3) Public Health Data Development
Executive Order on Ensuring a Data-Driven Response to COVID-19 and Future High-Consequence Public Health Threats https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2021/01/21/executive-order-ensuring-a-data-driven-response-to-covid-19-and-future-high-consequence-public-health-threats/
Section 1.  Policy.  It is the policy of my Administration to respond to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic through effective approaches guided by the best available science and data, including by building back a better public health infrastructure.   
Sec. 2.  Enhancing Data Collection and Collaboration Capabilities for High-Consequence Public Health Threats, Such as the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Sec. 3.  Public Health Data Systems.
Sec. 4.  Advancing Innovation in Public Health Data and Analytics.
 
4) Public Health Workforce for COVID-19 and Other Biological Threats
Executive Order on Establishing the COVID-19 Pandemic Testing Board and Ensuring a Sustainable Public Health Workforce for COVID-19 and  Other Biological Threats https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential-actions/2021/01/21/executive-order-establishing-the-covid-19-pandemic-testing-board-and-ensuring-a-sustainable-public-health-workforce-for-covid-19-and-other-biological-threats/
Section 1.  Policy.  It is the policy of my Administration to control coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by using a Government-wide, unified approach that includes:  establishing a national COVID-19 testing and public health workforce strategy; working to expand the supply of tests; working to bring test manufacturing to the United States, where possible; working to enhance laboratory testing capacity; working to expand the public health workforce; supporting screening testing for schools and priority populations; and ensuring a clarity of messaging about the use of tests and insurance coverage.
Sec. 2.  COVID-19 Pandemic Testing Board.  
Sec. 3.  Actions to Address the Cost of COVID-19 Testing.
Sec. 4.  Establishing a Public Health Workforce Program.

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