Economic Roots and Economic Consequences of Violence
Friday, Jan. 7, 2022 3:45 PM - 5:45 PM (EST)
- Chair: Stephen L. S. Smith, Hope College
Cultural Heritage Obliteration through an Economics Lens
AbstractThis study discusses a topic that is relatively understudied in economics: cultural heritage sites and their obliteration. While economics literature on culture, cultural practices, and cultural institutions is long-standing, overlooked are the roles of heritage sites in developing countries and during periods of violent conflicts. Heritage sites during peace times turn into blood antiquities during violent conflicts, and illicit excavations in one country end up garnishing museums in another. Covering a bird-eye’s view of these topics, the study also highlights prospects for future economics research and reiterates a unique opportunity they may provide for reconciliation in post-conflict countries.
The Gravity of Homicide: Interpersonal Violence and International Trade
AbstractWe explore whether civil violence –- homicide rates -- has an impact on international trade. We use annual trade data from 2000-2016 (including sectoral breakouts of manufacturing and services) in a PPML estimation of a structural gravity model with an innovative two-stage procedure, one that controls for other sources of violence. We find that civil violence harms exporting in economically significant ways, with the effect rising exponentially the higher is a nation's percentile in the global homicide rankings.
- D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making
- F1 - Trade