Effects of Land Property Rights: Cases from Three Continents
Friday, Jan. 7, 2022 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM (EST)
Robert Zabawa, Tuskegee University
- Spiro Stefanou, USDA Economic Research Service
Investment Impacts of Gendered Land Rights in Customary Tenure Systems: Substantive and Methodological Insights from Malawi
AbstractCompared with the vast literature on the investment and productivity effects of land rights
formalization, little attention has been paid to the impact of variation in individuals’ tenure security under customary tenure regimes. This is a serious gap not only because most of Africa’s rural land is held under informal arrangements, but also because gradual erosion of long-term rights by women and migrants is often an indication of traditional systems coming under stress. Using a unique survey experiment in Malawi, the analysis shows that (i) having long-term land rights of bequest and sale has a significant impact on investment and cash crop adoption; (ii) women’s land rights of bequest and sale, joint with local institutional arrangements, can amplify the magnitude of such effects; and (iii) the effects found here can be obscured by measurement error associated with traditional approaches to survey data collection on land ownership and rights.
Influence of the Land Titling Policy on Land Abandonment in China
AbstractLand Titling, a policy that aims to increase market transactions of farmland by providing land property rights to landowners in China, may affect the peasant households’ farmland cultivation decisions. We identify homogenous farm households by using the model-based clustering analysis technique because of this method’s ability to model the observations based on a pre-specified model. We estimate the influences of the Land Titling Policy (LTP) on households’ farmland abandonment decisions within each cluster by using a fractional semiparametric model. We use nationwide in-person interview data collected in 2015-16 from randomly selected Chinese peasant households. Results show the LTP has a positive influence on land abandonment, especially for households under unstable land property rights. Specifically, we found the land titling policy significantly reduced abandonment by 2.9% to 3.1% for the clusters with secured land property rights. By contrast, the LTP had a stronger negative effect on land abandonment by 8.2% for the cluster with unsecured land property rights. We conclude that the LTP reduces the land abandonment problem by enhancing land property rights, especially in an unsecured property rights scenario.
Keywords: land titling policy, land abandonment, land property rights, clustering, fractional response, semiparametric model
JEL classifications: Q15, Q18, R23
- Y9 - Other