Panel: Gender Differences in the Economics Profession
Sunday, Jan. 3, 2021 12:15 PM - 2:15 PM (EST)
- Chair: Judith Chevalier, Yale University
Innovative Ideas and Gender Inequality
AbstractThis paper analyzes the recognition of women's innovative ideas. Bibliometric data from research in economics are used to investigate gender biases in citation patterns. Based on deep learning and machine learning techniques, one can (1) establish the similarities between papers (2) build a link between articles by identifying the papers citing, cited and that should be cited. This study finds that, on average, omitted papers are 20% more likely to be female-authored than male-authored. This omission bias is more prevalent when there are only males in the citing paper. Overall, to have the same level of citation as papers written by males, papers written by females need to be 20 percentiles upper in the distribution of the degree of innovativeness of the paper.
Confidence Men? Gender Differences in Confidence among Top Economists
AbstractWe study heterogeneity in the confidence gap using data from economists working in top U.S. universities. We find that, consistent with prior literature, women are on average less confident than men. When asked about their level of agreement on survey questions about the economy, women are less likely to provide a judgment than their male counterparts. Conditional on providing a judgment, women are less likely to give “extreme” answers in which they strongly agree or disagree and are also less confident in the accuracy of their answer. However, we find that the confidence gap is entirely driven by women being less confident than men when asked questions outside their field of expertise. Within one's field of expertise, there is no confidence gender confidence gap.
A Longitudinal Look at Gender Gaps in the Salaries of Economists at United States Public Institutions
AbstractThis paper investigates gender gaps in salaries among academic economists employed at public universities in the United States. Using newly-collected data from the top 50 economics programs, we are able to track career trajectories and document how differences in salary by gender evolve across one’s years in the profession. We examine how much of the gender gap is explained by differences in citations and top publications.
University of Kansas
University of California-Davis
- A1 - General Economics
- J1 - Demographic Economics