Topics on Race and Health Economics
Monday, Jan. 4, 2021 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM (EST)
- Chair: Marcella Alsan, Harvard University
Information Campaigns to Increase Vaccine Demand Among Black Men
AbstractTake-up of preventive health care is often far from complete, even when it is freely available and widely recommended by public health officials. Social proximity to and trust in health care providers may facilitate uptake of preventive health care. In this field experiment, we test how race concordance and empathetic messages of physician-actors influence attitudes, beliefs, valuations and take-up of seasonal flu vaccination among Black men of low SES in the US - a demographic group with very low take-up of the flu vaccine. We expose participants recruited online to infomercials displaying physician-actors ("messengers") who present information about the flu vaccine, randomly varying the script and the race of the messenger. We then survey participants about their beliefs and attitudes towards the flu vaccine, and provide them with a coupon for a free flu shot, whose redemption we track.
The Federal Effort to Desegregate Southern Hospitals and the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap
AbstractIn 1966, Southern hospitals were barred from participating in Medicare unless they discontinued their long-standing practice of racial segregation. Using data from five Deep South states and exploiting county-level variation in Medicare certification dates, we find that gaining access to an ostensibly integrated hospital had no effect on the Black-White infant mortality gap, although it may have discouraged small numbers of Black mothers from giving birth at home attended by a midwife. These results are consistent with descriptions of the federal hospital desegregation campaign as producing only cosmetic changes and illustrate the limits of anti-discrimination policies imposed upon reluctant actors.
University of Tennessee
Florida State University
- I1 - Health