Development Issues on Bangladesh
Sunday, Jan. 3, 2021 12:15 PM - 2:15 PM (EST)
- Chair: Khawaja Saeed A. Mamun, Sacred Heart University
Impact of COVID-19 on Food Security and Dietary Diversity among Adolescents in Bangladesh
AbstractEarly evidence indicates that market closures, disruptions to global trade, and rising prices for nonperishable food items as a result of COVID-19 has drastically increased the experience of food insecurity among poor households across Bangladesh since the start of the restrictions on March 17, 2020. The impact of COVID-19 on access to food is exacerbated further in rural areas, where many households rely on sale of agricultural products for income. A recent study by BRAC Bangladesh estimates that the experience of extreme poverty has increased by 60 percent across the country. This study utilizes quantitative data on over 2,000 in-school adolescents living in Chittagong and Sylhet from the Gender and Adolescence: Global Evidence (GAGE) program to analyze the impact of COVID-19 on household food insecurity and dietary diversity among adolescents. Data for this study was collected in-person during February and March of 2020 on students attending grades 7 and 8 just before COVID-19 restrictions were implemented and by phone during May and June 2020. In addition to information on food insecurity and dietary diversity, household access to food essentials in local markets and impacts on household income are explored.
Haste Makes No Waste: Positive Peer Effects of Speed Competition on Classroom Learning
AbstractSpeed competition is common not only in sports but also in classrooms determining a student’s success. This study investigates the peer effects of problem-solving speed on the learning outcomes of young pupils. We employ data on students' daily progress records in a self-learning program at BRAC primary schools in Bangladesh. The unique setting of the program allows us to address the reflection problem. Our results show overall positive peer effects on problem-solving times and scores, especially among peers with similar abilities, without negatively affecting the others. These results suggest that relational competition or rivalry fosters students’ motivation for higher performance.
General Equilibrium Effects of Cash Transfers: Experimental Evidence from Kenya
AbstractHow large economic stimuli generate individual and aggregate responses is a central question in economics, but has not been studied experimentally. We provided one-time cash transfers of about USD 1000 to over 10,500 poor households across 653 randomized villages in rural Kenya. The implied fiscal shock was over 15 percent of local GDP. We find large impacts on consumption and assets for recipients. Importantly, we document large positive spillovers on non-recipient households and firms, and minimal price inflation. We estimate a local fiscal multiplier of 2.7. We interpret welfare implications through the lens of a simple household optimization framework.
Florida International University
Harvard Business School
Loyola Marymount University
- O0 - General
- H0 - General