Working from Home
Tuesday, Jan. 5, 2021 3:45 PM - 5:45 PM (EST)
- Chair: Lucy Eldridge, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
How Many Jobs Can be Done at Home?
AbstractEvaluating the economic impact of ``social distancing'' measures taken to arrest the spread of COVID-19 raises a fundamental question about the modern economy: how many jobs can be performed at home? We classify the feasibility of working at home for all occupations and merge this classification with occupational employment counts. We find that 37 percent of jobs in the United States can be performed entirely at home, with significant variation across cities and industries. Applying our occupational classifications to 85 other countries reveals that lower-income economies have a lower share of jobs that can be done at home.
COVID-19 and Remote Work: An Early Look at US Data
AbstractWe report the results of a nationally-representative sample of the US population during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey ran in two waves from April 1-5, 2020 and May 2-8, 2020. Of those employed pre-COVID-19, we find that about half are now working from home, including 35.2% who report they were commuting and recently switched to working from home. In addition, 10.1% report being laid-off or furloughed since the start of COVID-19. There is a strong negative relationship between the fraction in a state still commuting to work and the fraction working from home. We find that the share of people switching to remote work can be predicted by the incidence of COVID-19 and that younger people were more likely to switch to remote work. Furthermore, states with a higher share of employment in information work including management, professional and related occupations were more likely to shift toward working from home and had fewer people laid o or furloughed. We find no substantial change in results between the two waves.
Impacts of COVID-19 on the Self-employed
AbstractThis study examines the initial impacts of COVID-19 on the employment and hours of unincorporated self-employed workers using monthly panel data from the Current Population Survey. Random-effects and difference-in-difference-in-differences models are estimated and differential impacts by gender, marital status, and parental status are examined from February to May 2020. Among all workers, the unincorporated self-employed are disproportionately affected. In addition, although employment and hours decreased for all groups of unincorporated self-employed workers due to the response to the health threat posed by the pandemic, differential impacts exist. Married women and single men were less likely to be working than married men. In addition, fathers of school-age children worked relatively fewer hours compared to men without children. Remote work and working in an essential industry mitigated some of the negative effects on employment and hours. These results are useful for policymakers to understand how vulnerable the unincorporated self-employed are in a pandemic so they can tailor assistance to this group.
Peter B. Meyer,
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
U.S. Census Bureau
James R. Spletzer,
U.S. Census Bureau
- J0 - General