Health Disparities among Hispanic in Times of COVID19
Tuesday, Jan. 5, 2021 3:45 PM - 5:45 PM (EST)
- Chair: Alberto Davila, Southeast Missouri State University
The Effect of Hurricane Maria and La Crisis Boricua on Healthcare Supply in Puerto Rico
AbstractDue to the financial crisis facing Puerto Rico, many medical professionals on the island have left. Former Governor Rossello passed Act 14 in April of 2017 hoping to stave off the exodus of physicians. Act 14 reduces the income tax charge on medical services from 30 percent to 4 percent for 15 years. During the same year Puerto Rico experience a devastating category 4 hurricane, which left the island without power or water for several months. We will use a difference in difference estimation to estimate the effects of this change in the marginal tax rate to both keep physicians on the island as well as attract new physicians to the island from the mainland US. We use data from the Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, the May Occupational Employment Statistics counts, and the AAMC Report on Residents. We find the number of healthcare providers decreased by 6.5 percent. The number of family physicians and pediatricians fell by 17.5 percent and 62 percent respectively. However, the number of registered nurses increased by 2.7 percent. Although the levels of healthcare providers decreases, the rate of healthcare provides per capita actually increased during this time period since the population decreases more rapidly than the fall in the level of healthcare providers.
The Impact of Health Shocks and Vulnerabilities on Latino’s Wealth
AbstractUsing the Health Retirement Survey (2006-2017) -(HRS- RAND HRS Longitudinal File- Bugliari, 2009), I plan to analyze the connection between wealth depletion and health shocks among elderly Hispanic. I plan to identify the effect of nearly diagnosed conditions, separated by their level of severity (Mild, Intermediate, and Severe), on the average wealth depletion compared to White individuals. The key health conditions that are evaluated include diabetes and liver disease. Both are conditions that make this population more vulnerable to the current virus COVID-19.
Stephen J. Trejo,
University of Texas-Austin
Vienna University of Economics and Business
Texas A&M University, NBER, and IZA
José R. Bucheli,
New Mexico State University
- I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
- J1 - Demographic Economics