Pink Papers 1: Discrimination Against LGBTQ+ People
Tuesday, Jan. 5, 2021 12:15 PM - 2:15 PM (EST)
- Chair: John A. List, University of Chicago, NBER, and IZA
Gender Identity, Race, and Ethnicity Discrimination in Access to Mental Health Care: Evidence from an Audit Field Experiment
AbstractWe seek to quantify, using an audit field experiment, to what extent transgender women, transgender men, nonbinary people, and racial and ethnic minorities (African American, Hispanic) face discrimination in access to appointments with mental health professionals (therapists, counselors, and psychologists). To test if trans/nonbinary people and racial and ethnic minorities face discrimination in access to appointments with MHPs, we email MHPs requesting appointments from fictitious prospective patients who vary based on race or ethnicity (white, Hispanic, and African-American names) and based on gender identity. In the email, prospective patients introduce themselves, mention their mental health concern (anxiety, stress, or depression), request an appointment, and, for trans/nonbinary people, mention they are seeking a therapist who is “trans-friendly.” We measure discrimination primarily by comparing the appointment offer rates by race, ethnicity, and gender identity.
Pride in the Flag? LGBTQI Individuals, Social Preferences, and Cooperation
AbstractWhile attitudes toward members of the LGBTQI community in the US have improved over the past few decades, there is mixed evidence concerning their socioeconomic status and labor market outcomes. This paper focuses on pro-social attitudes – namely, altruistic behavior toward and willingness to cooperate with – LGBTQI members. These pro-social attitudes are important features that can have a crucial impact on individuals’ wellbeing and productivity (e.g., in the workplace). Using a novel method to reveal the LGBTQI identities of members in an experimental setting, we examine whether individuals exhibit different pro-social attitudes towards members and non-members of the community. Our findings contribute to debates on the appropriate policies to address discrimination against these individuals both in the workplace and the community at large.
University of Massachusetts-Amherst
Sherry Xin Li,
University of Arkansas
- J1 - Demographic Economics
- C9 - Design of Experiments