Intersectionality of Labor Rights and Gender Inequality
Saturday, Jan. 4, 2020 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM (PST)
- Chair: Bill Spriggs, Howard University
Gender Job Segregation, Labor Regulation and the Labor Share of Income
AbstractThis paper looks at the role of gender job segregation and inequality through the effect of gender job segregation on labor's share of national income. An earlier paper found this relationship was true in both advanced and emerging market nations. Further, among advanced economies, it was found that weakening protections for dismissal increased women's job segregation, which then lowered labor's share of income. This paper focuses on advanced economies and digs deeper on regulations that protect dismissal to include the role of unions in protecting workers. So, this includes an analysis of type of collective bargaining - centralized, decentralized, sectoral - and union density to also examine those effects.
Wrongful Discharge, Union Representation and Women's Wages: A Cross-State Analysis
AbstractThis paper builds on a previous work that re-examined work on the effects of wrongful discharge regulations, laws and court rulings. In that paper, it was found using cross state variation in court cases on wrongful discharge, there was a significant positive effect on women's wages when wrongful discharge cases changed the at-will nature of employment in a state. This paper extends that analysis to look at the role of labor unions, who also protect workers against wrongful discharge in boosting women's wages.
University of Massachusetts-Amherst
- J1 - Demographic Economics