Gender and the Economics Profession
Saturday, Jan. 4, 2020 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM (PDT)
- Chair: Sandra E. Black, Columbia University
Can Mentoring Help Female Assistant Professors in Economics? An Evaluation by Randomized Trial
AbstractWomen continue to be underrepresented in academic ranks in the economics profession. The Committee on the Status of Women in the Economics Profession (CSWEP) of the American Economics Association (AEA) established the CEMENT mentoring workshop to support women in research careers. With the support of the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the AEA, CSWEP established the ongoing CEMENT mentoring program to support junior female economists. The National Workshop (now the Workshop for Faculty in Doctoral Programs) focuses on junior female economists employed at institutions where research accomplishments weigh heavily in the promotion decision. It was originally designed as a randomized controlled trial, held every other year from 2004-2014. Based on an interim evaluation (Blau et al 2010), the AEA funded the workshop every year starting in 2015. Those interim results showed that the CEMENT program increased the number of publications, publications in top journals, and the number of federal grants for treated cohorts (Blau et al 2010).
This study evaluates differences in publications, grants, employment in academia, and tenure status between the treatment and control groups in the CEMENT randomized controlled trial with a complete dataset. Preliminary results indicate that treated women publish more papers, publish more papers in top journals and receive more federal research grants. Subsequent analyses will examine differences in employment in tenure stream academia and promotion to tenure.
Economics Is Not a Man's Field: A History of CSWEP and of the First Gender Reckoning in the Economics Profession
AbstractOur paper is a history of this first gender reckoning in US economics, one beginning in the early 1970s. Based on hitherto closed AEA archives, comprehensive oral interviews with major protagonists, and quantitative data from the first decade of the CSWEP’s Roster, we reconstruct the historical context that led to the establishment of the CSWEP in order to unpack its successes and failures, the enthusiasm it generated, and the resistance it encountered. We show that then (as now), the birth of CSWEP was tied to larger social movements: the feminist and civil rights movements, growing public awareness of issues surrounding discrimination, and the shifting legal context that drew many scientific societies toward such a reckoning. But we also emphasize how economists’ peculiar approach to social phenomena shaped their views of their own gender issues. For economists both study and experience discrimination, which led them to approach gender issues within the profession as an economic phenomenon. The status of women in economics was thus tied to ongoing debates within labor economics. The theories, models, and empirical evidence that labor economists – from Becker and Arrow, Bell and Bergmann, Ashenfelter and Blinder, Ferber and Blau, among many others – developed and produced to understand the role of women in the economy also shaped economists’ understanding of gender issues within their profession. CSWEP pursued actions common to most scientific societies, such as mentorship programs and the development of a roster, but also very specific changes to the profession, such as the establishment of Job Openings for Economists (rationalized in economic terms), and the sponsorship of conferences on women’s labor supply, discrimination, and occupational segregation.
Employment Dynamics for Economists: Empirical Evidence by Gender and Race
AbstractWe contribute to the literature on diversity in the economics profession, which has mostly focused on academia, by providing a first look at the employment and earnings of federal government economists by gender and race. Combining micro-level data on federal workers with information on their earnings in federal and private-sector jobs, we examine the share of federal government economists by race and gender; earnings differences by race and gender; and whether earning gaps differ during their federal government tenure.
Sandra E. Black,
University of Notre Dame
University of Tennessee
Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago
- J7 - Labor Discrimination
- J1 - Demographic Economics