Gender Inequality and Policy
Sunday, Jan. 6, 2019 10:15 AM - 12:15 PM
- Chair: Quentin Wodon, World Bank
Fiscal Policy Effectiveness on Gender Equality in Asia Pacific: Efficacy of Gender Budgeting
AbstractGender budgeting is a fiscal approach that seeks to use a country’s national and/or local budget(s) to reduce inequality and promote economic growth and equitable development. While the literature has explored the connection between reducing gender inequality and achieving growth and equitable development, more empirical analysis is needed on whether gender budgeting reduces gender inequality. Our study follows the methodology of Stotsky and Zaman (2016) to investigate the impact of gender budgeting on promoting gender equality across Asia Pacific countries, as well as the effects of increasing fiscal spending on health and education. The study classifies Asia Pacific countries as gender budgeting or non-gender budgeting according to whether they have formalized gender budgeting initiatives in laws and/or budget call circulars. To measure the effect of gender budgeting on reducing inequality, we measure the correlation between gender budgeting and the Gender Development Index (GDI) and the Gender Inequality Index (GII) scores in each country. The data for our gender inequality variables are mainly drawn from the IMF database on gender indicators and the World Development Indicators (WDI) database over the 1990–2013 period. Our results show that gender budgeting has a significant effect on increasing the GDI and a small but significant potential to reduce the GII, strengthening the rationale for employing gender budgeting to promote inclusive development. However, our empirical results show no prioritization for gender budgeting in the fiscal space of health and education sectors in the region.
Are Tanzania Development Budgets Gender Responsive: Insights from National and District Development Budgets from Financial Years 2013/14 to 2017/2018
AbstractThe budgeting process needs to be empowering to accommodate the needs of marginalized people. The allocation in the budgeting process needs to reflect and address life challenges of marginalized citizens particularly women, poor men, and people with Disabilities (PWDs). This article argues that the government, non-governmental organizations, and parliamentarians need to allocate developmental resources with a gender lens. As such, this article analyses the national budget of Tanzania for Financial Year (FY) 2016/2017 and draws particular attention to health, water, and agriculture national developmental budgets. An analysis of secondary sources related to the budgeting process has been accompanied by qualitative analysis of the views of grassroots community activists, journalists, students and representatives of civil societies.. The sites are Dar es salaam, Mbeya, Morogoro and Shinyanga administrative regions of Tanzania. Overall, the development budgets are not gender responsive. The analysis presented in this paper is by the author and does not represent any organization including TGNP. The article aims at promoting increased gender responsiveness of the budgeting process with a focus on the areas of health, water, and agriculture.
- I3 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty
- Z1 - Cultural Economics; Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology