"Gatekeeper" (Judge, Physician) Fixed Effects: Recent Applications
Friday, Jan. 6, 2017 3:15 PM – 5:15 PM
- Chair: Joseph John Doyle, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Households and Incarceration in the United States
AbstractThis paper examines the effect of incarceration on fertility, family structure and the intergenerational transmission of criminal activity in the United States. Random assignment of defendants in Harris County, Texas to criminal courtrooms which hold significant discretion over their court proceeding serves as the basis for identifying exogenous variation in the likelihood of incarceration. The studied outcomes rely on a novel approach to measuring family linkages and household structure based on probabilistic matching applied to several sources of administrative records including marriage, divorce, birth and driver's license records.
Joint Custody and Family Outcomes
AbstractRelative to just several decades ago, children in Western families today are much more likely to grow up without both parents in the household. This research project aims to provide some of the first causal evidence on the consequences of an intervention into children's living arrangements for such families. Specifically, we will examine the causal effects of joint custody by leveraging the fact that joint custody cases are randomly assigned to judges in Danish courts, and using variation in judge propensity to rule in favor of joint custody to identify its effects. We use administrative data from Denmark that contains information on random judge assignment, custody decisions, parental background and child and parent outcomes. We study both parents' family formation and labor market behavior, as well as the mental and physical health of parents and children.
- A1 - General Economics