The Cuban Economy
Saturday, Jan. 7, 2017 7:30 PM – 9:30 PM
- Chair: Carlos Seiglie, Rutgers University-Newark
Why Did the Cuban Infant Mortality Rate Rise During the First Decade of the Revolution?
AbstractFrom the 1950s to the 1960s Cuba's infant mortality rate (IMR) rose from 35.8 to 38.5 death per 1,000 live births, for an increase of nearly 8%. This occurred, moreover, against a backdrop of falling IMRs - often sharply - throughout the Americas between these two decades. Unusual for the region and the times, the Revolution also coincided with a sharp rise in fertility. And the age group whose fertility rose most dramatically was that of women aged 15-19. The teenage fertility rate rose more than 50% between the latter half of the 1950s and the first half of the 1960s. It continued to increase through the first half of the 1970s, at which point it stood at 84% higher than the rate in 1955-60. It was not until the 1990s that it returned to 1950s levels. Contrast this with the fertility rate of women 25-29. Between 1955-60 and 1960-65, their fertility rate rose only 20%. By 1970-75 it was 16% below its 1950-55 level. Since teenage women tend to have higher IMRs, this paper explores to what extent the increase in Cuba's IMR during the first decade of the Revolution can be accounted for by the shift of fertility toward younger women.
- P0 - General