Understanding Gender Differences in Labor Market Outcomes - Experimental Evidence
Friday, Jan. 6, 2017 2:30 PM – 4:30 PM
Hyatt Regency Chicago, Grand Suite 3
- Chair: Ragan Petrie, Texas A&M University
Gender, Competitiveness and Study Choices in High School - Evidence from Switzerland
AbstractWillingness to compete has been found to predict individual and gender differences in educational choices and labor market outcomes. We provide further evidence for this relationship by linking Swiss students’ Baccalaureate school (high school) specialization choices to an experimental measure of willingness to compete. Boys are more likely to specialize in math in Baccalaureate school. In line with previous findings, competitive students are more likely to choose a math specialization. Boys are more likely to opt for competition than girls and this gender difference in competitiveness could partially explain why girls are less likely to choose a math-intensive specialization.
Gender Differences in the Allocation of Low-Promotability Tasks: The Role of Backlash
AbstractThis research examines the mechanisms that lead women to spend more time than men on low-promotability tasks. In particular, we examine whether gender differences found in previous research—women receiving more requests than men to do these tasks and women being more likely to accept such requests—are exacerbated by the prospect of penalties for declining the request. We replicate these prior findings and find no evidence that penalties exacerbate the gender differences. In addition, we find that men more than women penalize others for saying “no.”
No Gender Difference in Willingness to Compete When Competing against Self
AbstractWe report on two experiments investigating whether there is a gender difference in the willingness to compete against oneself (self-competition), similar to what is found when competing against others (other-competition). In one laboratory and one online market experiment, involving 1,200 participants, we replicate the gender-gap in willingness to other-compete but find no evidence of a gender difference in the willingness to self-compete. We explore the roles of risk and confidence and suggest that these factors could account for the different findings. Finally, we document that self- and other-competition boost performance equally well, suggesting effectiveness as a policy.
Harvard Business School
George Mason University
University of Southern California
- C9 - Design of Experiments
- J7 - Labor Discrimination