We create a national-level longitudinal dataset to analyze how children's participation in public and voucher-assisted housing affects age-26 earnings and adult incarceration. Naïve OLS estimates suggest that returns to subsidized housing participation are negative, but that relationship is driven by household selection into assisted housing. Household fixed effects estimates indicate that additional years of public housing increase earnings by 6.2 percent for females and 6.1 percent for males, while voucher-assisted housing increases earnings by 4.8 percent for females and 2.7 percent for males. Childhood participation in assisted housing also reduces the likelihood of adult incarceration for all household race/ethnicity groups.
Pollakowski, Henry O. ⓡ Daniel H. Weinberg ⓡ Fredrik Andersson ⓡ John C. Haltiwanger ⓡ Giordano Palloni ⓡ Mark J. Kutzbach.
"Childhood Housing and Adult Outcomes: A Between-Siblings Analysis of Housing Vouchers and Public Housing."
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
Production Analysis and Firm Location: Government Policy