The United States has higher infant mortality than peer countries.
In this paper, we combine microdata from the United States with
similar data from four European countries to investigate this US
infant mortality disadvantage. The US disadvantage persists after
adjusting for potential differential reporting of births near the
threshold of viability. While the importance of birth weight varies
across comparison countries, relative to all comparison countries the
United States has similar neonatal (<1 month) mortality but higher
postneonatal (1–12 months) mortality. We document similar patterns
across census divisions within the United States. The postneonatal
mortality disadvantage is driven by poor birth outcomes among
lower socioeconomic status individuals. (JEL I12, I14, I32, J14)
Chen, Alice, Emily Oster, and Heidi Williams.
"Why Is Infant Mortality Higher in the United States Than in Europe?"
American Economic Journal: Economic Policy,
Health and Inequality
Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination