The Global Economics of Water: Is Water a Source of Comparative Advantage?
AbstractWith newly available data, I investigate to what extent countries' international trade exploits the very uneven water resources on a global scale. I find that water is a source of comparative advantage and that relatively water abundant countries export more water-intensive products. Additionally, water contributes significantly less to the pattern of exports than the traditional production factors labor and physical capital. This suggests relatively moderate disruptions to overall trade on a global scale due to changing precipitation in the wake of climate change.
CitationDebaere, Peter. 2014. "The Global Economics of Water: Is Water a Source of Comparative Advantage?" American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, 6 (2): 32-48. DOI: 10.1257/app.6.2.32
- F14 Empirical Studies of Trade
- O13 Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
- O19 International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
- Q15 Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
- Q25 Renewable Resources and Conservation: Water
- Q54 Climate; Natural Disasters; Global Warming