This paper measures the demand for adult medical male circumcision
using an experiment that randomly offered varying-priced subsidies
and comprehensive information to 1,600 uncircumcised men in
urban Malawi. We find low demand for male circumcision: only
3 percent are circumcised over a three month period. Despite the low
overall level of take-up, both price and information are significant
determinants of circumcision. Still, the main barriers to male
circumcision-cultural norms and fear of pain-are not affected
by prices or information. Significant demand generation efforts are
needed for this HIV prevention strategy to be effective.
"The Demand for Medical Male Circumcision."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Health Care Markets
Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification