This paper measures the demand for adult medical male circumcision
using an experiment that randomly offered varying-priced subsidies
and comprehensive information to 1,600 uncircumcised men in
urban Malawi. We find low demand for male circumcision: only
3 percent are circumcised over a three month period. Despite the low
overall level of take-up, both price and information are significant
determinants of circumcision. Still, the main barriers to male
circumcision-cultural norms and fear of pain-are not affected
by prices or information. Significant demand generation efforts are
needed for this HIV prevention strategy to be effective.
Chinkhumba, Jobiba, Susan Godlonton, and Rebecca Thornton.
"The Demand for Medical Male Circumcision."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Analysis of Health Care Markets
Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification